General Information

The data protection and privacy details are in English as it is this website’s principal language.

Please, request a translation from if not available in your language.

The following note give a simple overview of what happens to your personal information visiting our website.
“Personal Data” means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person. An identifiable natural person is one who can be identified directly or indirectly by referencing an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier, or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural, or social identity of that natural person.
As summary, personal data is all data that personally identifies you.

Detailed information about data protection can be found in our privacy policy below.

Website Data Collection 
The data processing on this website is carried out by the website operator. Its contact details can be found in the legal notice of this website.
The data you provide us will be collected, e.g. your contact data you enter in a contact form.
Other data is collected automatically when visiting the website through our IT systems. These are above all technical data (for example Internet browser, operating system or time of the page request). The collection of this data is automatic as soon as you enter our website.
Part of the data is collected to ensure a flawless operation of the website. Other data is used for analyzing your user behavior.
At any time, you have the right to obtain free information about the origin, recipient and purpose of your stored personal data. You also have a right to request the correction, blocking or deletion of this data. For this purpose and for further questions about data protection, you can contact us at any time at the address given in the legal notice. Furthermore, you have a right of appeal to the competent supervisory authority.

Analysis and Third-Party Tools

Your surfing behavior can be statistically evaluated by mainly using cookies and analysis programs during our website visit. The analysis of your surfing behavior is usually anonymous; the surfing behavior cannot be traced back to you. You can object to this analysis or prevent it by not using certain tools. Detailed information can be found below.

You have the right to reject data analysis by using the below described possibilities.

General Information & Mandatory Information

Data Protection

We take the protection of your personal data very seriously. We treat your personal data confidentially and in accordance with the statutory data protection regulations and this privacy policy.

If you use this website, various personal data will be collected.

This Privacy Policy explains what information we collect and its usage and reasons.

Please note that data transmission over the Internet (for example, when communicating via e-mail) may have security vulnerabilities. A complete protection of the data from access by third parties is not possible.

Note to the responsible body

The responsible data processing unit of this website is:

Dynamix IT Services SRL

Strada Tudor Vladmirescu Nr. 36 Cladirea B, Et 5 Targoviste, jud. Dambovita, Romania

Company Register ID: J15/1092/2017

VAT ID: RO36144031


Tel: +40 784 00 10 66

Affiliated companies are:

Dynamix IT GmbH, Hamburg, Germany

Dynamix IT Limited, HongKong, HongKong

Responsible entity is the natural or legal person who, alone or in concert with others, decides on the purposes and means of processing personal data (such as names, e-mail addresses, etc.).

Data Processing Disclaimer

Many data processing operations are only possible with your expressed consent. You can cancel your existing consent at any time. An informal message by e-mail to us is sufficient. The lawfulness of data processing carried out until cancellation remains unaffected.

Right of Appeal to the Competent Supervisory Authority

In the case of violations of data protection law, the person concerned has the right of appeal to the competent supervisory authority. The competent supervisory authority for data protection issues is the data protection officer of the country or federal state in which the legal entity of the responsible data processing unit is based.

Right of Data Transfer

You or a third party named by you have the right to obtain data in a stadnard machine readable format which was processed, because of your consent or in fulfillment of a contract. In case it is required to transfer directly data to a third party in charge only to the extent of technical possibility.

SSL or TLS encryption

This site uses, for security reasons and to protect the transmission of confidential content, such as orders or requests that you send to us as a site operator, an SSL or TLS encryption.

You can recognize an encrypted connection by changing the address line of the browser from “http: //” to “https: //” and the lock symbol in your browser line.

If SSL or TLS encryption is enabled, the data submitted cannot be read by third parties.

Right of Information, Blocking, Deletion

Based on the current legal regulations there is at any time the right free of charge of information disclosure on stored personal data, its origin and recipients as well as the purpose of data processing and, if necessary, a right of data correction, blocking or deletion. For further information on personal data you can contact us at any time at the address given in the legal notice.

Advertising Mails Disclaimer

No one is allowed sending marketing, advertising or any information materials based on contact information of this website without our prior consent. We expressly reserve the right to take legal action in the event of the unsolicited receipt, e.g. spam e-mails.

Data Protection Officer

Our appointed data protection officer is:

Mihai Valcea


Dynamix IT Services SRL

Strada Tudor Vladmirescu Nr. 36 Cladirea B

Et 5

Targoviste, jud. Dambovita



Tel: +40 784 001 066

Website Data Collection


Websites use cookies. Cookies do not harm your computer and do not contain viruses. Their scope is inter alia to have a more user-friendly, effective and secure website. They are small text files stored by your browser on your computer.

We also use “session cookies”. They are deleted after website visit. Other cookies remain stored on your device until one deletes them. These cookies give the website the ability to recognize your browser and certain settings for and during one’s next visit.

One can set his browser settings for being informed when cookies are stored. These can be individually allowed also only user confirmation. They can be generally excluded or automatic deletion of cookies on browser closing can be set. Disabling cookies will limit the functionality of this website.

Cookies that are required to carry out the electronic communication process or to provide certain functions that you wish to use (eg shopping cart function) are used in alignment with Art. 6 para. 1f DGPR. We have a legitimate interest on cookies in order of efficiently operating (technically error-free) our services and websites. Cookies for purposes of user behavior or marketing analysis are treated separately in this privacy policy.

Server log files

The server automatically collects and stores information in log files, which your browser automatically transmits to us. These are inter alia:

We do not merge it with other data sources.

The legal baseline for data processing is Art. 6 para. 1f DGPR, which allows data processing for contractual or pre-contractual measures.

Contact, Survey & Newsletter Form

All details regarding inquiries via the website contact, survey and newsletter forms are stored for processing the request, follow-up questions, sending you a newsletter and/or to provide you with better products and services.

We will not share this information without your consent.

The processing of the data entered the website’s contact, survey or newsletter form(s) is exclusively based on your consent (Art. 6 para. 1a DGPR). It can be any time disclaimed. An informal message by e-mail to us is sufficient. Mandatory statutory provisions – especially retention periods – remain unaffected.

The information you provide in the contact, survey or newsletter form(s) will remain with us until we are asked by you to delete it, revoke your consent to storage or delete the purpose for data storage (for example, after your request has been processed). Mandatory statutory provisions – especially retention periods – remain unaffected. The legality of the already finished data processing operations remains unaffected by the withdrawal or revocation.

Website Comments

We store in addition to comments, creation and update date and time, commenter’s e-mail address, IP address and username.

Comments and their related data are stored until the content has been completely deleted.

Comments are stored based on one’s consent (Art. 6 para. 1a DGPR). It can be any time revoked. An informal message by e-mail to us is sufficient. The legality of the already completed data processing operations remains unaffected by the disclaimer.

Social Media

Shariff – Privacy Policy

Website content can be shared in privacy-friendly social networks such as Facebook, Twitter or Google+. This site uses Shariff for it.

This tool establishes only direct contact between the social networks and users, if the respective button is clicked.

User data is not automatically transferred via Shariff to platform operators. Only in case the user is logged in to social networks and by clicking the buttons of Facebook, Google+, Twitter & Co. a confirmation window opens.

Our users can share website content in a privacy-compliant way on social networks, without creating complete surf profiles by the network operators.

The Shariff component provides social media buttons that comply with data protection laws. Shariff was developed for the German computer magazine c’t and is published by GitHub, Inc.

Developer of the component is GitHub, Inc. 88 Colin P. Kelly Junior Street, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA.

Find further information here

Advertising and Analysis Tools

Google Analytics

This website uses functions of the web analytics service Google Analytics. Provider is Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheater Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.

Google Analytics uses cookies. (see explanation on cookies on this page)

The information generated about your use of this website is usually transmitted to a Google server in the USA and stored there.

Google Analytics cookies are stored based on Art. 6 para. 1f DGPR. The website operator has a legitimate interest in analyzing user behavior for optimizing both its website and advertising.

IP anonymization

We have activated IP anonymization function for this website. As a result, your IP address will be truncated by Google within member states of the European Union or other parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area prior to transmission to the United States. Only in exceptional cases will the full IP address be sent to a Google server in the US and shortened there. On behalf of the operator of this website, Google will use this information to evaluate your use of the website, to compile reports on website activity and to provide other services related to website activity and internet usage to the website operator. The IP address provided by Google Analytics as part of Google Analytics will not be merged with other Google data.

Browser plugin

You can prevent the storage of cookies by a corresponding setting of your browser; however, please note you may not be able to use all the features of this website. In addition, you may prevent collection of data by Google generated by a cookie and related to your use of the website (including your IP address) as well as the processing of this data by Google by downloading the browser plug-in available under the following link and install:

Data Collection Disclaimer

An opt-out cookie will be set which prevents the collection of your data on future visits to this website: disable Google Analytics.

For more information on how to handle user data on Google Analytics, please refer to the Google Privacy Policy:

Order processing

We have entered into a contract data processing agreement with Google and fully implement the strict requirements of the German data protection authorities when using Google Analytics.

Plugins and tools


Our website uses plugins from the Google-powered YouTube page. Site operator is YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave., San Bruno, CA 94066, USA.

On visits of our YouTube plug-in-enabled sites, you will be connected to YouTube servers. Our visited sites and pages are transmitted to the YouTube servers.

If you’re logged into your YouTube account, YouTube will allow you to associate your browsing behavior directly with your personal profile. You can prevent it by logging out of your YouTube account.

The use of YouTube is in the interest of a proper online presentation for our company and website. This constitutes a legitimate interest within the meaning of Art. 6 para. 1f DGPR.

For more information about how to handle user data, please refer to the YouTube Privacy Policy at and

Google Maps

This site uses the mapping service Google Maps via an API. Provider is Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheater Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.

Google Maps requires saving your IP address. This information is usually transmitted to and stored on a Google server in the United States. The provider of this site has no influence on this data transfer.

The use of Google Maps is in the interest of a proper presentation of our company and products. This constitutes a legitimate interest within the meaning of Art. 6 para. 1f GDPR.

For more information on how to handle user data, please refer to Google’s Privacy Policy:

Below you find the furhter details on privacy policies:

The privacy policy below applies as whole until May 20, 2018. Parts of it apply also after May 20, 2018 for details please you can contact our Data Protection Officer via email

Anonymous data collection

You can visit our websites without providing any personal information. In this context we store no personal data. In order to improve our offer, we evaluate only statistical data from which we will not able to draw any conclusion on your person. Nevertheless, by using the contact form or e-mail-adress you are not anonymous any more. We collect personal data (details about personal or factual circumstances of an identified or identifiable natural person) only to the extent provided by you. We use your email address only to process your request. Your data is then deleted, unless you have agreed to the further processing and use. A transfer of your personal data to third parties for promotional reasons will not occur without your express consent.

Access, rectification, blocking and deletion of data

You always have the right of free information about your stored personal data and the right to rectification, erasure or blocking. You can contact us on request with the contact details found in our imprint.

Cookie Policy

This Cookie Policy applies to any websites, branded pages on third party platforms (such as Facebook or YouTube), and applications accessed or used through such websites or third party platforms (“ Site”) which are operated by By using the Site, you are consenting to our use of cookies in accordance with this Cookie Policy. If you do not agree to our use of cookies in this way, you should set your browser settings accordingly or not use the Site. If you disable the cookies that we use, this may impact your user experience while on the Site. The table below summarises the different types of cookie we use on Site, together with their respective purpose and duration (i.e. how long each cookie will remain on your device).

What are cookies?

Cookies are files or pieces of information that may be stored on your computer (or other internet enabled devices, such as a smartphone or tablet) when you visit a Site. A cookie will usually contain the name of the website from which the cookie has come from, the “lifetime” of the cookie (i.e. how long it will remain on your device), and a value, which is usually a randomly generated unique number.

What do we use cookies for?

We use cookies to make the Site easier to use and to better tailor the Site and our products to your interests and needs. Cookies may also be used to help speed up your future activities and experience on our Sites. We also use cookies to compile anonymous, aggregated statistics that allow us to understand how people use our Sites and to help us improve their structure and content. We cannot identify you personally from this information.

What types of cookies do we use?

Two types of cookies may be used on the Site – “session cookies” and “persistent cookies”. Session cookies are temporary cookies that remain on your device until you leave the Site. A persistent cookie remains on your device for much longer or until you manually delete it (how long the cookie remains on your device will depend on the duration or “lifetime” of the specific cookie and your browser settings). Some of the pages you visit may also collect information using pixel tags (also called clear gifs) that may be shared with third parties which directly support our promotional activities and website development, about visitors to Site. The information may be shared with our third party advertising agency to better target Internet banner advertisements on our websites. The information is not, however, personally identifiable, although it could be linked to your personal information.

Cookies used on Site

Type of Cookie

What do they do?

Do these cookies collect my personal data / identify me?


These cookies are essential to make websites work correctly, they enable you to move around our websites and use our features. Examples include remembering previous actions (e.g. entered text) when navigating back to a page in the same session.

These cookies don’t identify you as an individual. If you do not accept these cookies, it may affect the performance of the website, or parts of it.


These cookies help us understand how visitors interact with our websites by providing information about the areas visited, the time spent on the website, and any issues encountered, such as error messages. This helps us improve the performance of our websites.

These cookies don’t identify you as an individual. All data is collected and aggregated anonymously.


These cookies allow our websites to remember the choices you make (such as your user name, language or the region you are in) to provide a more personalised online experience. They can also enable visitors to watch videos, play games and engage with social tools, such as blogs, chatrooms and forums.

The information these cookies collect may include personally identifiable information that you have disclosed, such as your username or profile picture. We shall always be transparent with you about what information we collect, what we do with it and with whom we share it. If you do not accept these cookies, it may affect the performance and functionality of the website and may restrict access to content on the website.

Targeting / advertising

These cookies are used to deliver content that is more relevant to you and your interests. They may be used to deliver targeted advertising or to limit the number of times you see an advertisement. They also help us measure the effectiveness of advertising campaigns on and non – websites. We may use these cookies to remember websites you have visited and we may share this information with other parties, including advertisers and our agencies.

Most types of these cookies track consumers via their IP address so may collect some personal identifiable information.

Do we use third party cookies?

We use a number of suppliers that may also set cookies on your device on our behalf when you visit the Site to allow them to deliver the services they are providing. When you visit the Site you may receive cookies from third party websites or domains. We endeavour to identify these cookies before they are used so that you can decide whether or not you wish to accept them. More information about these cookies may be available on the relevant third party’s website.

How can I control or delete cookies?

Most internet browsers are initially set up to automatically accept cookies. You can change the settings to block cookies or to alert you when cookies are being sent to your device. There are a number of ways to manage cookies. Please refer to your browser instructions or help screen to learn more about how to adjust or modify your browser settings. If you disable the cookies that we use, this may impact your experience while on the Site, for example you may not be able to visit certain areas of a Site or you may not receive personalised information when you visit a Site. If you use different devices to view and access the Site (e.g. your computer, smartphone, tablet etc) you will need to ensure that each browser on each device is adjusted to suit your cookie preferences. Click here for more information. – Privacy Policy

Your privacy is important to us at Here is how your Privacy is maintained : We don’t request access to you personal information unless we truly need it to provide the service eg: Your gender or income levels are irrelevant to us, so we don’t ask you for that information. We don’t share your personal information with anyone except to comply with the law, develop our products, or protect our rights. We don’t store personal information on our servers unless required for the on-going operation of one of our services. Below is our privacy policy which adhere to those principles : If you have questions about deleting or correcting your personal data please initiate a chat with us, or send us an email at any time. operates an web application and corresponding mobile apps (on It is’s policy to respect your privacy regarding any information we may collect while operating our services.

Website Visitors

Like most internet-service operators, collects non-personally-identifying information of the sort that web browsers, apps and servers typically make available, such as the browser type, language preference, geographical location, referring site, and the date and time of each visitor request.’s purpose in collecting non-personally identifying information is to better understand how’s visitors use its services, and to provide users the ability to understand how their visitors use their services. From time to time, may release non-personally-identifying information in the aggregate, e.g., by publishing a report on trends in the usage of its services. also collects potentially personally-identifying information like Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for users that use the services and visitors.

Gathering of Personally-Identifying Information

Certain visitors to’s websites and users of’s apps choose to interact with in ways that require to gather personally-identifying information. The amount and type of information that gathers depends on the nature of the interaction. For example, we ask users of our app to provide an email address. In each case, collects such information only insofar as is necessary or appropriate to fulfill the purpose of the visitor’s interaction with does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below. And visitors can always refuse to supply personally-identifying information, with the caveat that it may prevent them from engaging in certain website-related activities.

Aggregated Statistics may collect statistics about the behavior of visitors to its websites. However, does not disclose personally-identifying information other than as described below.

Protection of Certain Personally-Identifying Information discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only to those of its employees, contractors and affiliated organizations that: (i) need to know that information in order to process it on’s behalf or to provide services available at’s webservices, and (ii) that have agreed not to disclose it to others. Some of those employees, contractors and affiliated organizations may be located outside of your home country; by using’s webservices, you consent to the transfer of such information to them. will not rent or sell potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information to anyone. Other than to its employees, contractors and affiliated organizations, as described above, discloses potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information only in response to a subpoena, court order or other governmental request, or when believes in good faith that disclosure is reasonably necessary to protect the property or rights of, third parties or the public at large. If you are a registered user of and have supplied your email address, may occasionally send you an email to tell you about new features, solicit your feedback, or just keep you up to date with what’s going on with and our products. We primarily use our various product blogs to communicate this type of information, so we expect to keep this type of email to a minimum. If you send us a request (for example via a support email or via one of our feedback mechanisms), we reserve the right to publish it in order to help us clarify or respond to your request or to help us support other users. takes all measures reasonably necessary to protect against the unauthorized access, use, alteration or destruction of potentially personally-identifying and personally-identifying information.


A cookie is a string of information that a website stores on a visitor’s computer, and that the visitor’s browser provides to the website each time the visitor returns. uses cookies to help identify and track visitors, their usage of website, and their website access preferences. visitors who do not wish to have cookies placed on their computers should set their browsers to refuse cookies before using’s websites, with the drawback that certain features of’s websites may not function properly without the aid of cookies.

Business Transfers

If, or substantially all of its assets, were acquired, or in the unlikely event that goes out of business or enters bankruptcy, user information would be one of the assets that is transferred or acquired by a third party. You acknowledge that such transfers may occur, and that any acquirer of may continue to use your personal information as set forth in this policy.


Ads appearing on any of our websites may be delivered to users by advertising partners, who may set cookies. These cookies allow the ad server to recognize your computer each time they send you an online advertisement to compile information about you or others who use your computer. This information allows ad networks to, among other things, deliver targeted advertisements that they believe will be of most interest to you. This Privacy Policy covers the use of cookies by and does not cover the use of cookies by any third parties.

Privacy Policy Changes

Although most changes are likely to be minor, may change its Privacy Policy from time to time, and in’s sole discretion. encourages visitors to frequently check this page for any changes to its Privacy Policy. Your continued use of these services after any change in this Privacy Policy will constitute your acceptance of such change.

Contacting us

If you have questions about this policy, you can contact us at Creative Commons: This privacy policy is based on one developed by Automattic ( and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Linkedin Cookie and Privacy Policies

SlideShare, a content sharing platform, and LinkedIn Pulse, a news reading application, are part of the LinkedIn family.

Cookies on the LinkedIn site

At LinkedIn, we believe in being clear and open about how we use your information. In the spirit of transparency, this policy provides detailed information about how and when we use cookies.

Does LinkedIn use cookies?

Yes. As described in Section 1.8 of our Privacy Policy, we use cookies and other technologies to ensure everyone who uses LinkedIn has the best possible experience. Cookies also help us keep your account safe. By continuing to use our services, you are agreeing to the use of cookies and similar technologies for the purposes we describe in this policy.

What is a cookie?

A cookie is a small file placed onto your device that enables LinkedIn features and functionality. For example, cookies enable us to identify your device, secure your access to LinkedIn and our sites generally, and even know if someone attempts to access your account from a different device. Cookies also enable you to easily share content on LinkedIn and help us serve relevant ads to you.

When does LinkedIn use cookies?

We use cookies on our websites ( and and mobile applications. Any browser loading these sites will receive cookies from us. For LinkedIn members and SlideShare users, we also place cookies in your browser when you visit non-LinkedIn sites that host our plugins (for example, LinkedIn’s “Share” button) unless you opt out. If you’re not a LinkedIn member, we will not place cookies in your browser through our plugins.

What types of cookies does LinkedIn use?

We use two types: persistent cookies and session cookies. A persistent cookie helps us recognize you as an existing user, so it’s easier to return to LinkedIn without signing in again. After you sign in, a persistent cookie stays in your browser and will be read by LinkedIn when you return to the site. Session cookies only last for as long as the session (usually the current visit to a web site or a browser session). Adobe Flash is another technology that can provide cookie-equivalent functionality. Adobe Flash is capable of storing information on your device (in a file outside of your browser). Please note that not all browsers provide the ability to remove Adobe Flash “cookies” (also called “locally stored objects,” or “LSOs”). You can restrict or block Adobe Flash cookies/LSOs through the Adobe website. As with any cookie, if you do restrict flash cookies/LSOs, there may be some LinkedIn features you aren’t able to use.

What are cookies used for?

Cookies can be used to do lots of different things, like recognize you when you visit LinkedIn, remember your preferences, and give you a personalized experience that’s in line with your settings. Cookies also make your interactions with LinkedIn more secure and faster. Additionally, cookies allow us to bring you advertising both on and off the LinkedIn site, and bring customized features to you through LinkedIn plugins such as our “Share” button.

This table gives some more information about what we use cookies for:

Categories of Use



If you’re signed in to LinkedIn, cookies help us show you the right information and personalize your experience.


We use cookies to enable and support our security features, and to help us detect malicious activity and violations of our User Agreement.

Preferences, features and services

Cookies can tell us which language you prefer and what your communications preferences are. They can help you fill out forms on LinkedIn more easily. They also provide you with features, insights, and customized content in conjunction with our plugins. You can learn more about plugins in our Privacy Policy.


We may use cookies to show you relevant advertising both on and off the LinkedIn site. We may also use a cookie to learn whether members who saw an ad on LinkedIn later visited the advertiser’s site. Similarly, our partners may use a cookie to determine whether we’ve shown an ad and how it performed, or provide us with information about how you interact with ads. We may also work with a partner to show you an ad on or off LinkedIn, such as after you’ve visited a partner’s site or application.

Performance, Analytics and Research

Cookies help us learn how well our site and plugins perform in different locations. We also use cookies to understand, improve, and research products, features, and services, including when you access LinkedIn from other websites, applications, or devices such as your work computer or your mobile device.

To learn more about our cookies, take a look at our cookie table in more detail. Please note that the names of cookies, pixels and other technologies may change over time.

How are cookies used for advertising purposes?

Cookies and ad technology such as web beacons, pixels, and anonymous ad network tags help us serve relevant ads to you more effectively. They also help us collect aggregated auditing, research, and reporting for advertisers. Pixels help us understand and improve our service, show you ads on LinkedIn, and know when content has been shown to you. Note: Because your web browser may request advertisements and web beacons directly from ad network servers, these networks can view, edit, or set their own cookies, just as if you had requested a web page from their site. Although we do not use cookies to create a profile of your browsing behavior on third-party sites, we do use aggregate data from third parties and data from your profile and LinkedIn activity to show you relevant, interest-based advertising. We do not provide any personal information that we collect to advertisers. You can opt out of off-site and third-party-informed advertising by adjusting your settings. Please note that opting out will not remove advertising from the pages you visit; it will mean that the ads you see will not be matched to your interests. If you are not a LinkedIn member, learn more about cookies and how to opt out.

What third-party cookies does LinkedIn use?

Trusted partners like DoubleClick , BlueKai, and Lotame help us serve advertising on and off the LinkedIn site, and analytics companies like Google Analytics, Quantcast, Nielsen, and ComScore may also place cookies on your device. We also use Eloqua to help us manage inquiries about our talent and marketing solutions. Please read our partners’ privacy policies (linked below) to ensure that you’re comfortable with how they use cookies. We’ve also provided links to opt out of their services, if you’d like. QuantCastQuantCast opt-out Google Analytics Google Analytics opt-out BlueKai BlueKai opt-out DoubleClick DoubleClick opt-out Nielsen Privacy Policy Nielsen opt-out Comscore Privacy Policy Comscore opt-out Eloqua Eloqua opt-out Lotame Lotame opt-out

Controlling cookies

Most browsers allow you to control cookies through their settings preferences. However, if you limit the ability of websites to set cookies, you may worsen you overall user experience, since it will no longer be personalized to you. It may also stop you from saving customized settings like login information.

What to do if you don’t want cookies to be set

If you don’t want us to use cookies when you visit LinkedIn, you can opt out of some cookies on your settings page. In order for us to recognize that you have opted out of cookies, we have to place our LinkedIn opt-out cookie on your device so we can know not to set other LinkedIn cookies the next time you visit. If you do not want to receive cookies, you can also change your browser settings on your computer or other device you’re using to access our services. If you use LinkedIn without changing your browser settings, we’ll assume that you’re happy to receive all cookies on the LinkedIn website. Please note that the LinkedIn site will not work properly without cookies. To find out more about cookies, including how to see what cookies have been set and how to manage and delete them,,, or

Other helpful resources

To learn more about advertisers’ use of cookies the following links are helpful: Digital Advertising Alliance (EU) Internet Advertising Bureau (US) Internet Advertising Bureau (EU)Network Advertising Initiative

Your Privacy Matters

At LinkedIn, our fundamental philosophy is “members first.” That value powers all of the decisions we make, including how we gather and respect your personal information. We’ve crafted the policy below to be as clear and straightforward as possible. Our aim is for you—our members—to always feel informed and empowered with respect to your privacy on LinkedIn. Visit our Safety Center for tips on using LinkedIn smartly and securely. View our California DNT notice Introduction Information Collected Uses & Sharing of Personal Info Your Choices & Obligations Important Information


We are a social network and online platform for professionals. LinkedIn’s mission is to connect the world’s professionals to allow them to be more productive and successful. Our registered users (“Members”) share their professional identities, engage with their network, exchange knowledge and professional insights, post and view relevant content, and find business and career opportunities. Content on some of our services is also visible to unregistered viewers (“Visitors”). We believe that our services allow our Members to effectively compete and achieve their full career potential. The cornerstone of our business is to focus on our Members first. We protect your personal information using industry-standard safeguards. We may share your information with your consent or as required by law, and we will always let you know when we make significant changes to this Privacy Policy. Maintaining your trust is our top priority, so we adhere to the following principles to protect your privacy: We protect your personal information and will only provide it to third parties: (1) with your consent; (2) where it is necessary to carry out your instructions; (3) as reasonably necessary in order to provide our features and functionality to you; (4) when we reasonably believe it is required by law, subpoena or other legal process; or (5) as necessary to enforce our User Agreement or protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, our Members and Visitors, and the public. We have implemented appropriate security safeguards designed to protect your information in accordance with industry standards. This Privacy Policy applies to and the LinkedIn mobile application, and SlideShare mobile app (“SlideShare”), and Pulse mobile app (“Pulse”), LinkedIn platform technology (such as “Share on LinkedIn” plugins for publishers), the advertising platform created by Bizo Inc. (and its successor products) and all other LinkedIn websites, apps, developer platforms and other products and services (collectively the “Services”). We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time, and if we make material changes to it, we will provide notice through our Service, or by other means so that you may review the changes before you continue to use our Services. If you object to any changes, you may close your account. Continuing to use our Services after we publish or communicate a notice about any changes to this Privacy Policy means that you are consenting to the changes. Back to Top

What information we collect

Data Controllers

Our Privacy Policy applies to any Member or Visitor. We collect information when you use our Services to offer you a personalized and relevant experience, including growing your network and enabling business opportunities. If you reside in the United States, then the personal information provided to or collected by our Services is controlled by LinkedIn Corporation, 2029 Stierlin Court, Mountain View, California 94043. If you reside outside the United States, then this personal information is controlled by LinkedIn Ireland, Wilton Plaza, Wilton Place, Dublin 2, Ireland. If you have any concern about providing information to us or having such information displayed on our Services or otherwise used in any manner permitted in this Privacy Policy and the User Agreement, you should not become a Member, visit our websites, apps or otherwise use our Services. If you have already registered, you can close your accounts (e.g.,LinkedIn,SlideShare and Pulse). We collect your personal information in the following ways:


When you create an account with us, we collect information (including your name, email address, and password). To create an account on LinkedIn, you must provide us with at least your name, email address and/or mobile number, and a password and agree to our User Agreement and this Privacy Policy, which governs how we treat your information. You may provide additional information during the registration flow (for example, your postal code, job title, and company) to help you build your profile and to provide you more customized services (for example: language-specific profile pages, updates, content, more relevant ads and career opportunities). You understand that, by creating an account, we and others will be able to identify you by your LinkedIn profile. We may also ask for your credit card details if you purchase certain additional services. We also provide the option to register for a SlideShare account, for which you must provide at least your name, email address and/or mobile number, and a password. We no longer provide the option to register for a separate Pulse account, but you may continue to use your existing Pulse account if you already have one.

Profile Information

We collect information when you fill out a profile. A complete LinkedIn profile that includes professional details – like your job title, education, and skills – helps you get found by other people for opportunities. After you create an account (other than the distinct SlideShare and Pulse accounts), you may choose to provide additional information on your LinkedIn profile, such as descriptions of your skills, professional experience, and educational background. You can list honors, awards, professional affiliations, Group memberships, networking objectives, companies or individuals that you follow, and other information including content. Subject to the settings you choose, your connections may provide recommendations and endorsements of you. Providing additional information enables you to derive more benefit from our Services by helping you express your professional identity; find other professionals, opportunities, and information; and help recruiters and business opportunities find you. It also enables us to serve you ads and other relevant content on and off of our Services. On SlideShare, you can choose what personal information you provide in addition to the information required for registration as noted above. Most of your SlideShare profile, as well as all content that you post on SlideShare, is publicly displayed (with the exceptions provided in the SlideShare account settings), so please do not provide personal information you would not want to be public. We may use and share information you provide in a SlideShare profile and/or Pulse account in the same manner as the information provided in a profile, in accordance with this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement.

Address Book and Other Services That Sync with LinkedIn

We collect information when you sync non-LinkedIn content – like your email address book, mobile device contacts, or calendar – with your account. You can remove your address book and any other synced information whenever you like. You may use our address book or “contacts” importer (or other similar features) to upload your address book into our Services. We store this information (including phone numbers) and use it to help you manage and leverage your contacts in connection with our Services. We also use this information to enhance your experience with our Services by helping you to grow your network by: identifying your contacts that are already Members of our Services; providing a template to send invitations on your behalf to your contacts that are not Members; and suggesting people you may know (even if not in your contacts) but are not yet connected with you on our Services (as we may infer from your shared connections or shared managers, employers, educational institutions and other such factors). We may also use this information to show you and other Members that you share the same uploaded contacts who may or may not be Members. Please note that when you send an invitation to connect to another individual on our Service (a “connection”) or to join our Service to connect with you, that person may have access to your email address or, for SMS invitations, mobile number because it may be displayed in the invitation. After sending these invitations, we may also remind your invitees of your invitation on your behalf. Your LinkedIn connections will also have access to your email address. We make other tools available to sync information with our Services, and may also develop additional features that allow Members to use their account in conjunction with other third-party services. For example, our mobile applications allow you to sync your device’s calendar, email and/or contacts apps with our Services to show you the LinkedIn profiles of meeting attendees, email correspondents and/or your contacts. Another example are software tools that allow you to see our and other public information about the people you email or meet with and leverage our Services to help you gain insights from and grow your network. If you grant these products (mobile applications or our other Services that sync external email and calendar services, such as “LinkedIn Connected”) permission to access your email and calendar accounts, they will access and may store some of your email header and calendar history information. Our products that sync with external email services may also temporarily cache message content for performance reasons, in a way that is unreadable by us and our service providers. Any information that you upload or sync with our Services is covered by the User Agreement and this Privacy Policy. You can remove your information at your convenience using the features we make available or in accordance with Section 3. You can remove your address book and any other synced information at any time.

Customer Service

We collect information when you contact us for customer support. When you contact our customer support services (e.g. on our Help Center and SlideShare’s Help Center), we may have to access your InMails, Groups and other contributions to our Services and collect the information we need to categorize your question, respond to it, and, if applicable, investigate any breach of our User Agreement or this Privacy Policy. We also use this information to track potential problems and trends and customize our support responses to better serve you. We do not use this information for advertising.

Using the LinkedIn Sites and Applications

We collect information when you visit our Services (including, LinkedIn, SlideShare and Pulse), use our mobile applications, and interact with advertising on and off our Services. We collect information when you use (whether as a Member or a Visitor) our websites, applications, our platform technology (such as “Share on LinkedIn” plugins for publishers) or other Services. For example, we collect information when you view or click on ads on and off our Services, perform a search, import your address book, join and participate in groups, participate in polls, install one of our mobile applications, view content on Pulse or SlideShare, share articles on our Services and apply to jobs through our Services. If you are logged in on,, the Pulse app or another Service or one of our cookies on your device identifies you, your usage information and the log data described in Section 1.10 of this policy, such as your IP address, will be associated by us with your account. Even if you’re not logged into a Service, we log information about devices used to access our Services, including IP address.

Using Third-Party Services and Visiting Third-Party Sites

We collect information when you use your account to sign in to other sites or services, and when you view web pages that include our plugins and cookies. You allow us to receive information when you use your account to log in to a third-party website or application. Also, when you visit a third-party site that embeds our social plugins (such as “Share on LinkedIn” for publishers) we receive information that those pages have loaded in your web browser. If you are logged in as a Member when you visit sites with our plugins, we use this information to recommend tailored content to you. We will use this information to personalize the functionality we provide on third-party sites, including providing you insights from your professional network and allowing you to share information with your network. Our retention of this data is addressed in Section 3.2. We may provide reports containing aggregated impression information to companies hosting our plugins and similar technologies to help them measure traffic to their websites, but no personal data. Please note that, and the Pulse app are part of the LinkedIn Services, not third-party sites or applications. You also allow us to receive information about your visits and interaction with the sites and services of our partners that include our cookies and similar technologies, unless you opt out. If you are not a Member, we rely on the online terms between you and our partners.


We use cookies and similar technologies to collect information. As described in our Cookie Policy, we use cookies and similar technologies, including mobile application identifiers, to help us recognize you across different Services, learn about your interests both on and off our Services, improve your experience, increase security, measure use and effectiveness of our Services, and serve advertising. You can control cookies through your browser settings and other tools. By visiting our Services, you consent to the placement of cookies and beacons in your browser and HTML-based emails in accordance with this Privacy Policy, which incorporates by reference our Cookie Policy .

Advertising Technologies and Web Beacons

We use advertising technologies and web beacons to collect information. We give you a number of ways to opt out of targeted ads, including through the Ad Choices icon shown with any ads we serve on third-party sites. If you do not want us to track your behavior on third-party sites, you canopt outIf you do not opt out, you consent to our use of beacons and other advertising technologies. We target (and measure the performance of) ads to Members, Visitors and others both on and off of our Services through a variety of ad networks and ad exchanges, using the following, whether separately or combined: Advertising technologies on and off of our Services, like web beacons, pixels, ad tags, cookies, and mobile identifiers as permitted by mobile platforms; Member-provided profile and contact information and categories (for example, “product managers in Texas”); Information inferred from a Member‘s profile (for example, using job titles to infer age, industry, seniority, and compensation bracket; or names to infer gender); Your use of our Services (for example, your search history, the content you read on SlideShare or Pulse, who you follow or is following you on SlideShare, Groups participation, which pages you visit, your clicking on a LinkedIn ad, etc.) and log files generated as described in Section 1.10; Information from 3rd parties (e.g. advertising partners, publishers and data aggregators) which we use in addition to the information from our cookies (and similar technologies), your profile and use of our Services. We do not share your personal information with any third-party advertisers or ad networks for advertising without your separate permission. Note that, as described in Section 2.6, your profile is visible to other Members and through public search depending on your settings. Also, advertising partners may associate personal information collected by the advertiser directly from you with our cookies and similar technologies. In such instances, we contractually require such advertisers to obtain your explicit opt-in consent before doing so. We may show you sponsored content in your network update stream (NUS), which will be designated as sponsored content and will behave like other NUS updates. If you take social action (for example, if you “like” or “comment” on the sponsored content), your action may be seen by your network and other Members who are shown the sponsored content after you have acted on it. Please note that all social actions on SlideShare (e.g. liking certain content, following or being followed by others) are public, unless expressly specified otherwise with respect to premium accounts. We adhere to self-regulatory principles for interest based advertising. If you wish to not receive targeted ads from most third party companies, you may opt-out as described here. Please note this does not opt you out of being served advertising. You will continue to receive generic ads or targeted ads by companies not listed with these opt-out tools. You can also opt out specifically from our use of cookies and similar technologies to track your behavior on third party sites. For non-Members, this opt out setting is here.

Log Files, IP Addresses, and Information About Your Computer and Mobile Device

We collect information from the devices and networks that you use to access our Services. When you visit or leave our Services (whether as a Member or Visitor) by clicking a hyperlink or when you view a third-party site that includes our plugin or cookies (or similar technology), we automatically receive the URL of the site from which you came or the one to which you are directed. Also, advertisers receive the URL of the page that you are on when you click an ad on or through our Services. We also receive the internet protocol (“IP”) address of your computer or the proxy server that you use to access the web, your computer operating system details, your type of web browser, your mobile device (including your mobile device identifier provided by your mobile device operating system), your mobile operating system (if you are accessing LinkedIn using a mobile device), and the name of your ISP or your mobile carrier. We may also receive location data passed to us from third-party services or GPS-enabled devices that you have set up, which we use to show you local information (for example, Pulse articles about your area or jobs postings in your location) on our mobile applications and for fraud prevention and security purposes. Most mobile devices allow you to prevent real time location data being sent to us, and of course we will honor your settings. In the case of our Android apps, you will be provided notice of the types of data (e.g. location) that will be sent to us. If you choose to use our app after this notice, we process this data to enable registration or preview product features for you (e.g. jobs near you). If you choose not to become a Member, we will delete this information.


We are constantly innovating to improve our Services, which means we may create new ways to collect information on the Services. Our Services are a dynamic, innovative environment, which means we are always seeking to improve the Services we offer you. We often introduce new features, some of which may result in the collection of new information (for example, when the Endorsements feature launched, we began collecting information about skills for which Members were endorsed and the individuals who endorsed them). Furthermore, new partnerships or corporate acquisitions may result in new features, and we may potentially collect new types of information. If we start collecting substantially new types of personal information and materially change how we handle your data, we will modify this Privacy Policy and notify you in accordance with Section 4.3. Back to Top

How we use your personal information

Consent to LinkedIn Processing Information About You

You agree that information you provide on your profile can be seen by others and used by us as described in this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement. The personal information that you provide to us may reveal or allow others to identify aspects of your life that are not expressly stated on your profile (for example, your picture or your name may reveal your gender). By providing personal information to us when you create or update your account and profile, you are expressly and voluntarily accepting the terms and conditions of our User Agreement and freely accepting and agreeing to our processing of your personal information in ways set out by this Privacy Policy. Supplying to us any information deemed “sensitive” by applicable law is entirely voluntary on your part. You can withdraw or modify your consent to our collection and processing of the information you provide at any time, in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy and the User Agreement, by changing your account settings or your profile on LinkedIn or SlideShare, or by closing your LinkedIn SlideShare and Pulse accounts.

LinkedIn Communications

We communicate with you using LinkedIn messaging, email, and other ways available to us. We may send you messages relating to the availability of the Services, security, or other service-related issues. We also may send promotional InMail messages to your LinkedIn inbox. You can change your email settings at any time. We communicate with you through email, notices posted on the LinkedIn websites or apps, messages to your LinkedIn inbox, and other means available through the Services, including mobile text messages and push notifications. Examples of these communications include: (1) welcome and engagement communications – informing you about how to best use our Services, new features, updates about other Members you are connected to and their actions, etc.; (2) service communications – these will cover service availability, security, and other issues about the functioning of our Services; (3) promotional communications – these include both email and InMail messages (InMail messages are only delivered to your LinkedIn InBox), and may contain promotional information directly or on behalf of our partners, including job opportunities and information from companies that are hiring. These messages will be sent to you based on your profile information and messaging preferences. We track the open rate of your InMails to provide your InMail acceptance score. You may change your email and contact preferences at any time by signing into your account and changing yourLinkedIn or SlideShare email settings. You can also opt out of promotional messages by sending a request to LinkedIn Help Center. Please be aware that you cannot opt out of receiving service messages from us.

User Communications

With certain communications you send on our Services, the recipient can see your name, email address, and some network information. Many communications that you initiate through our Services (for example, an invitation sent to a non-Member) will list your name and primary email address in the header of the message. Messages you initiate may also provide the recipient with aggregate information about your network (for example, how many people are in your network). Other communications that you initiate through the Services, like a request for an introduction, will list your name as the initiator but will not include your personal email address contact information. Once you have connected with an individual, regardless of who sent the invitation, your contact information will be shared with that individual. We use automatic scanning technology to help protect you and other Members. Such technology checks links and other content in your InMails, network updates and Group contributions to help us identify and block malicious links and malware, reduce spam and optimize the delivery of our Services.

Service Development; Customized Experience

We use the information and content you provide to us to conduct research and development and to customize your experience and try to make it relevant and useful to you. We use information and content that you and other Members provide to us to conduct research and development for the improvement of our Services in order to provide you and other Members and Visitors with a better, more intuitive experience and drive membership growth and engagement on our Services and to help connect professionals to economic opportunity. We also customize your experience and the experiences of others on our Services. For example, when you sign in to your account, we may display the names and photos of new Members who have recently joined your network or recent updates from your connections and companies you follow. We try to show you content, such as news and presentations, that is relevant to you, your industry, or your profession. We also use Members information and content for invitations and communications promoting our Services that are tailored to the recipient.

Sharing Information with Affiliates

We share your information across our different Services, among companies in the LinkedIn family. We may share your personal information with our affiliates (meaning entities controlled by, controlling or under common control with LinkedIn) outside of the LinkedIn entity that is your data controller (for example, LinkedIn Corporation may share your information with LinkedIn Ireland, or other LinkedIn operating entities) as reasonably necessary to provide the Services. You are consenting to this sharing. We combine information internally across different Services. For example, SlideShare may recommend better content to you based on your LinkedIn content preferences and the articles you read on Pulse, and LinkedIn could present you a better tailored network update stream based on your SlideShare activity, whether or not you tied your SlideShare, Pulse and/or LinkedIn accounts (e.g. by signing in SlideShare or Pulse with your LinkedIn account), as we may be able to identify you across different Services using cookies or similar technologies.

Sharing Information with Third Parties

Any information you put on your profile and any content you post on LinkedIn may be seen by others. We don’t provide any of your non-public information (like your email address) to third parties without your consent, unless required by law, or as described in Sections 2.6 and 2.14 of this Policy. Other people may find your LinkedIn profile information through search engines (you can choose which parts of your public profile are accessible to public search engines in your settings), or use services like Twitter in conjunction with your LinkedIn account. We offer a “public profile” feature that allows you as a Member to publish portions of your professional profile to the public Internet. This public profile will be indexed and displayed through public search engines when someone searches for your name. You may choose the parts of your profile that search engines index or completely opt out of this feature in your LinkedIn account settings, or limit the publicly visible information in your SlideShare profile. However, third-party search engines may not automatically update their caches, which may contain old public profile information. Unless you delete them, your profiles on and our corresponding app or on are always viewable on the respective Services. The visibility of your professional profile to other Members depends on your degree of connection with the viewing Member, the subscriptions they may have, their usage of the Services, access channels and search types (e.g. by name or by keyword). For example, first degree connections can see your full profile and contact information. Others have more limited access, as detailed in our Help Center. Please note that recruiters and other such professional subscribers can see your full profile even if you did not approve their InMail. We do not rent or sell personal information that you have not posted on our Services, except as described in this Privacy Policy. We will not disclose personal information that is not published to your profile or generated through engagement with our other services, such as Groups and Company Pages, except to carry out your instructions (for example, to process payment information) or unless we have your separate consent, unless we have a good faith belief that disclosure is permitted by law or is reasonably necessary to: (1) comply with a legal requirement or process, including, but not limited to, civil and criminal subpoenas, court orders or other compulsory disclosures; (2) enforce this Privacy Policy or our User Agreement; (3) respond to claims of a violation of the rights of third parties; (4) respond to Member service inquiries; or (5) protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, our Services, our Members, Visitors, or the public. See Section 2.14 for additional details about our compliance with legal requests for information. We support middleware providers that offer archiving solutions to firms subject to legal and regulatory archiving requirements, which, with your permission, facilitate the archiving of your communications and other activity by a third party for compliance purposes. Content distributed through our sharing features and third-party integrations may result in displaying some of your personal information outside of our Services. For example, when you post content to a Group that is open for public discussion, your content, including your name as the contributor, may be displayed in search engine results. Also, if you have opted to bind any of your Service accounts to your Twitter, Facebook or other similar account, you can easily share content from our Services to these third party services, in accordance with your account settings (which you may change at any time) and respective policies of these third parties. Further, we allow third parties to look-up profile information (subject to your privacy settings) using your email address or first and last name information through its profile API (see Section 2.7. below). Third parties (for example, your email provider) may give you the option to upload certain information in your contacts stored with us onto their own service. If you choose to share your contacts in this way, you will be granting your third party provider the right to store, access, disclose and use these contacts in the ways described in such third party’s terms and privacy policy.

Third Parties Using LinkedIn Platform Services

We work with developers to build Platform Applications using our developer tools. Whether you use Platform Applications is up to you. If you have given a Platform Application access to your LinkedIn account, you can revoke that permission anytime. Also, you can opt out of providing information to developers through your connections. We collaborate with and allow third parties to use our developer platform to offer services and functionality in conjunction with our Services. These third-party developers have either negotiated an agreement to use our platform technology or have agreed to our self-service API and Plugin terms in order to build applications (“Platform Applications”). Both the negotiated agreements and our API and Plugin terms contain restrictions on how third parties may access, store, and use the personal information you provide to us. If you choose to use a Platform Application, you will be asked to confirm acceptance of the privacy policy and user agreement of the third-party developer. To revoke permission granted to a Platform Application, please visit your settings. Note, however, that even if you revoke the permission granted to a Platform Application, your connections may still be using the Platform Application, so the Platform Application may still have access to certain information about you, just as your connections do. You may opt out of providing information to third-party developers through your connections by accessing the “ Turn on/off data sharing with third-party applications ” control in the “Groups, Companies, and Applications” tab under settings.

Polls and Surveys

We conduct our own surveys and polls and also help third parties do this type of research. Your participation in surveys or polls is up to you. You may also opt out of getting invitations to participate in surveys. Polls and Surveys may be conducted by us, Members, or third parties. Some third parties may target advertisements to you on the results page based on your answers in the poll. We or third parties may follow up with you via InMail regarding your participation unless you have opted out of receiving InMail messages. We may use third parties to deliver incentives to you to participate in surveys or polls. If the delivery of incentives requires your contact information, you may be asked to provide personal information to the third party fulfilling the incentive offer, which will be used only for the purpose of delivering incentives and verifying your contact information. It is up to you whether you provide this information, or whether you desire to take advantage of an incentive. Your consent to use any personal information for the purposes set forth in the poll or survey will be explicitly requested by the party conducting it. We are a member of the Council of American Survey Research Organizations (“CASRO”) and abides by CASRO guidelines for market research. You may opt out of participating in surveys by changing your settings to stop receiving these inquiries and requests.


Our Services help you search for other professionals, companies, groups, professional content, and jobs. You can search for Members, employment opportunities, information about companies, and community content from Groups on our Services. For example, you can find Members with particular expertise or experience, or Members that you may know from your industry or profession. You can also find employment opportunities and information about companies. You can also find content from Groups, SlideShare and Pulse. We use personal information from our Services, including Member profiles, Groups content, and Company Pages, to inform and refine our search service.


You are responsible for any information you post on our Services, and this content will be accessible to others. If you participate in Groups, share content on your network update stream, or import a blog or other content, you should be aware that any information you choose to disclose using these services can be read, collected, and used by other Members in these forums, developers, and other third parties, including advertisers. We are not responsible for the information you choose to submit in these forums. Your Groups contributions are typically searchable on our Services and some content in Groups may be public and searchable on the Internet if the group owner has not closed the group for public discussions. You can identify closed groups by the padlock icon next to the group name. You can remove your Groups posts at any time. However, others may have copied and used the information that you shared.

Testimonials and Advertisements Placed through LinkedIn Ads

If you provide any testimonials about our goods or services or place advertisements through the LinkedIn Ads, we may post those testimonials and examples of advertisements you place in connection with our promotion of these services to third parties. Testimonials and advertisements may include your name and other personal information that you have provided. For more information about LinkedIn Ads, please see the LinkedIn Ads Terms of Use.

Talent Recruiting, Marketing and Sales Solutions

We offer a premium service to recruiters and others, which can be used to search for, organize, and communicate with potential candidates or offer business opportunities. In some cases we allow the export of public profile information. You can control how your information is exported by changing which parts of your public profile are accessible to search engines. We offer customized people-search functionality along with organizational and communications tools (including activity alerts) as part of our talent recruiting, marketing and sales solutions. These services allow subscribers – generally, enterprises and professional organizations – to export limited information from Members’ public profiles, such as name, headline, current company, current title, and location (for example, San Francisco Bay Area), in order to effectively manage candidate sourcing. You may limit or prevent such subscribers from exporting your profile information by configuring your public profile visibility settings to restrict access to these fields. We do not provide email or other contact information to these subscribers. However, if you post that information as part of your profile it will be available to them and others. A recruiter or other such subscriber may also manage and store information it has independently obtained about you outside of our Services, such as a resume, in connection with our platform. Any personal information obtained independently of our Services will not be added by us to your profile and is not under our control but is subject to the policies of our recruiting, marketing or sales solution subscriber. We store such information on behalf of such subscriber who can remove it at any time. We do not further process such information.

Pages for Companies, Schools, Influencers, and Other Entities

Companies and other entities can create pages on our Services. If you follow one of these pages, non-identifiable information about you will be provided to the page’s administrators. Certain pages on the Services are public (e.g., company and college pages), and any communications or information shared through them will be accessible by the entity that created them. If you follow a person or organization, you will be listed among its followers, which can be viewed by others including the page owner. We use aggregate information about followers and viewers to provide data about such pages’ performance (for example, visits and updates).

Compliance with Legal Process and Other Disclosures

We may disclose your personal information if compelled by law, subpoena, or other legal process, or if necessary to enforce our User Agreement. It is possible that we may need to disclose personal information, profile information, or information about your activities as a Member or Visitor when required by law, subpoena, or other legal process, whether in the United States, Ireland, or other jurisdictions, or if we have a good faith belief that disclosure is reasonably necessary to (1) investigate, prevent, or take action regarding suspected or actual illegal activities or to assist government enforcement agencies; (2) enforce the User Agreement, investigate and defend ourselves against any third-party claims or allegations, or protect the security or integrity of our Service; or (3) exercise or protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, our Members, personnel, or others. We attempt to notify Members about legal demands for their personal information when appropriate in our judgment, unless prohibited by law or court order or when the request is an emergency. In light of our principles, we may dispute such demands when we believe, in our discretion, that the requests are overbroad, vague or lack proper authority, but do not commit to challenge every demand. To find out more about how we engage with government requests for data see our Law Enforcement Data Request Guidelines.

Disclosures to Others as the Result of a Change in Control or Sale of LinkedIn Corporation

If there is a change in control or sale of all or part of LinkedIn, we may share your information with a third party, who will have the right to use that information in line with this Privacy Policy. We may also disclose your personal information to a third party as part of a sale of the assets of LinkedIn Corporation, a subsidiary, or division, or as the result of a change in control of the company or one of its affiliates, or in preparation for any of these events. Any third party to which we transfers or sells our assets will have the right to continue to use the personal and other information that you provide to us in the manner set out in this Privacy Policy.

Service Providers

We may employ third parties to help us with the Services We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate our Services (e.g. maintenance, analysis, audit, marketing and development). These third parties have limited access to your information only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated to LinkedIn not to disclose or use it for other purposes.

2.17 Data Processing Outside Your Country

We may process your information outside the country where you live. We may transfer your information and process it outside your country of residence, wherever LinkedIn, its affiliates and service providers operate. Back to Top

Your Choices & Obligations

Rights to Access, Correct, or Delete Your Information, and Closing Your Account

You can change your LinkedIn information at any time by editing your profile, deleting content that you have posted, or by closing your account. You can also ask us for additional information we may have about your account. You have a right to (1) access, modify, correct, or delete your personal information controlled by LinkedIn regarding your profile, (2) change or remove your content, and (3) close your account. You can request your personal information that is not viewable on your profile or readily accessible to you (for example, your IP access logs) through LinkedIn‘s Help Center. If you close your account(s), your information will generally be removed from the Service within 24 hours. We generally delete closed account information and will de-personalize any logs or other backup information through the deletion process within 30 days of account closure, except as noted below. With respect to SlideShare accounts and activity, if you would like us to delete your record and/or remove a particular comment you have made on, or to provide a copy of any personal information to which you may be entitled, please contact us at We will remove your information from within 24 hours and delete and/or de-personalize it from our systems within 30 days of closure, except as noted below. Please note: Information you have shared with others (for example, through InMail, network updates, content sharing, or Groups) or that others have copied may also remain visible after you have closed your account or deleted the information from your own profile. Groups content associated with closed accounts will show an unknown user as the source. In addition, you may not be able to access, correct, or eliminate any information about you that other Members copied or exported out of our Services, because this information may not be in our control. Your public profile may be displayed in search engine results until the search engine refreshes its cache.

Data Retention

We keep your information for as long as your account is active or as needed. For example, we may keep certain information even after you close your account if it is necessary to comply with our legal obligations, meet regulatory requirements, resolve disputes, prevent fraud and abuse, or enforce this agreement. We retain the personal information you provide while your account is in existence or as needed to provide you services. We may retain your personal information even after you have closed your account if retention is reasonably necessary to comply with our legal obligations, meet regulatory requirements, resolve disputes between Members, prevent fraud and abuse, or enforce this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement. We may retain personal information, for a limited period of time, if requested by law enforcement. Our Customer Service may retain information for as long as is necessary to provide support-related reporting and trend analysis only, but we generally delete or de-personalize closed account data consistent with Section 3.1., except in the case of our plugin impression data (i.e., the information that you visited on sites carrying our social plugin, but which you did not click on), which we de-personalize within 7 days (although we do maintain 30 days worth of webserver logs for security, debugging, and site stability purposes only) by creating aggregate data sets that cannot be traced back to individuals. Back to Top

Important Information

Minimum Age

You have to meet LinkedIn’s minimum age requirements to create an account. Visit our Safety Center for tips on using LinkedIn smartly and securely. As described in Section 2.1 of the User Agreement, persons must be of Minimum Age to use LinkedIn. Please visit our Safety Center for additional information about safely using our Services.

TRUSTe and Safe Harbor

We partner with TRUSTe because we take your privacy seriously and are committed to putting you and all of our Members first. TRUSTe certifies our compliance with the TRUSTe program and verifies our compliance with the US-EU and US-Swiss Safe Harbor programs. If you can’t resolve a complaint through LinkedIn Customer Support, you may also contact TRUSTe. and have been awarded TRUSTe’s Privacy Seal signifying that this Privacy Policy and its practices have been reviewed by TRUSTe for compliance with TRUSTe’s program requirements . If you have questions or concerns regarding this Policy, you should first contact LinkedIn. If contacting us does not resolve your complaint, you may raise your complaint with TRUSTe by Internet , by fax at 415-520-3420, or mail to TRUSTe Safe Harbor Compliance Dept. ( click for mailing address ). The complaint should include the name of company, the alleged privacy violation, your contact information, and whether you would like the particulars of your complaint shared with the company. The TRUSTe dispute resolution process shall be conducted in English. The TRUSTe program only covers information collected through, and does not cover information that may be collected through downloaded software or Plugins. We comply with the U.S.-E.U. and U.S.-Swiss Safe Harbor Frameworks as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal data from European Union member countries and Switzerland. We have certified that it adheres to the Safe Harbor Privacy Principles of notice, choice, onward transfer, security, data integrity, access, and enforcement. To learn more about the Safe Harbor program, and to view LinkedIn’s certification, please visit Note: The U.S.-E.U. Safe Harbor Framework is no longer recognized as a legal mechanism to transfer personal data from the EU to the US. LinkedIn Ireland uses other legal mechanisms, including standard contractual clauses. Learn more.

Changes to this Privacy Policy

We will notify you when we change this Privacy Policy. We may change this Privacy Policy from time to time. If we make significant changes in the way we treat your personal information, or to the Privacy Policy, we will provide notice to you on the Services or by some other means, such as email. Please review the changes carefully. If you agree to the changes, simply continue to use our Services. If you object to any of the changes to our terms and you no longer wish to use our Services, you may close your account(s). Unless stated otherwise, our current Privacy Policy applies to all information that we have about you and your account. Using our Services after a notice of changes has been communicated to you or published on our Services shall constitute consent to the changed terms or practices.

California’s Shine the Light Law

We don’t share any of your personal information with third parties for direct marketing. California Civil Code Section 1798.83, known as the “Shine The Light” law, permits our customers who are California residents to request and obtain from us a list of what personal information (if any) we disclosed to third parties for direct marketing purposes in the preceding calendar year and the names and addresses of those third parties. Requests may be made only once a year and are free of charge. Under Section 1798.83, we currently do not share any personal information with third parties for their direct marketing purposes.


We take privacy and security seriously and have enabled HTTPS access to our site ( turn on HTTPS), in addition to existing SSL access over mobile devices. Also, please know that the Internet is not a secure environment, so be careful and select strong passwords. We have implemented security safeguards designed to protect the personal information that you provide in accordance with industry standards. Access to your data on our Services is password-protected, and data such as credit card information is protected by SSL encryption when it is exchanged between your web browser and the Services. We also offer secure https access to the website. To protect any data you store on our servers, we also regularly monitor our system for possible vulnerabilities and attacks, and we use a tier-one secured-access data center. However, since the Internet is not a 100% secure environment, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information that you transmit to us. There is no guarantee that information may not be accessed, disclosed, altered, or destroyed by breach of any of our physical, technical, or managerial safeguards. It is your responsibility to protect the security of your login information. Please note that emails, instant messaging, and similar means of communication with other Members are not encrypted, and we strongly advise you not to communicate any confidential information through these means. Please help keep your account safe by using a strong password. Google Cookie and Privacy Policies Diese Website benutzt Google Analytics, einen Webanalysedienst der Google Inc. („Google“). Google Analytics verwendet sog. „Cookies“, Textdateien, die auf Ihrem Computer gespeichert werden und die eine Analyse der Benutzung der Website durch Sie ermöglichen. Die durch das Cookie erzeugten Informationen über Ihre Benutzung dieser Website werden in der Regel an einen Server von Google in den USA übertragen und dort gespeichert. Im Falle der Aktivierung der IP-Anonymisierung auf dieser Website, wird Ihre IP-Adresse von Google jedoch innerhalb von Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union oder in anderen Vertragsstaaten des Abkommens über den Europäischen Wirtschaftsraum zuvor gekürzt. Nur in Ausnahmefällen wird die volle IP-Adresse an einen Server von Google in den USA übertragen und dort gekürzt. Im Auftrag des Betreibers dieser Website wird Google diese Informationen benutzen, um Ihre Nutzung der Website auszuwerten, um Reports über die Websiteaktivitäten zusammenzustellen und um weitere mit der Websitenutzung und der Internetnutzung verbundene Dienstleistungen gegenüber dem Websitebetreiber zu erbringen. Die im Rahmen von Google Analytics von Ihrem Browser übermittelte IP-Adresse wird nicht mit anderen Daten von Google zusammengeführt. Sie können die Speicherung der Cookies durch eine entsprechende Einstellung Ihrer Browser-Software verhindern; wir weisen Sie jedoch darauf hin, dass Sie in diesem Fall gegebenenfalls nicht sämtliche Funktionen dieser Website vollumfänglich werden nutzen können. Sie können darüber hinaus die Erfassung der durch das Cookie erzeugten und auf Ihre Nutzung der Website bezogenen Daten (inkl. Ihrer IP-Adresse) an Google sowie die Verarbeitung dieser Daten durch Google verhindern, indem Sie das unter dem folgenden Link ( ) verfügbare Browser-Plugin herunterladen und installieren. Sie können die Erfassung durch Google Analytics verhindern, indem Sie auf folgenden Link klicken. Es wird ein Opt-Out-Cookie gesetzt, das die zukünftige Erfassung Ihrer Daten beim Besuch dieser Website verhindert: Google Analytics deaktivieren Nähere Informationen zu Nutzungsbedingungen und Datenschutz finden Sie unter bzw. unter . Wir weisen Sie darauf hin, dass auf dieser Website Google Analytics um den Code „anonymizeIp“ erweitert wurde, um eine anonymisierte Erfassung von IP-Adressen (sog. IP-Masking) zu gewährleisten. This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). Google Analytics uses “cookies”, which are text files placed on your computer, to help the website analyze how users use the site. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on servers in the United States. In case of activation of the IP anonymization, Google will truncate/anonymize the last octet of the IP address for Member States of the European Union as well as for other parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. Only in exceptional cases, the full IP address is sent to and shortened by Google servers in the USA. On behalf of the website provider Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity for website operators and providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage to the website provider. Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google. You may refuse the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser. However, please note that if you do this, you may not be able to use the full functionality of this website. Furthermore you can prevent Google’s collection and use of data (cookies and IP address) by downloading and installing the browser plug-in available under . You can refuse the use of Google Analytics by clicking on the following link. An opt-out cookie will be set on the computer, which prevents the future collection of your data when visiting this website: Disable Google Analytics Further information concerning the terms and conditions of use and data privacy can be found at or at . Please note that on this website, Google Analytics code is supplemented by “anonymizeIp” to ensure an anonymized collection of IP addresses (so called IP-masking).

Wir nutzen Google Analytics zudem dazu, Daten aus AdWords und dem Double-Click-Cookie zu statistischen Zwecken auszuwerten. Sollten Sie dies nicht wünschen, können Sie dies über den Anzeigenvorgaben-Manager ( ) deaktivieren.

Additionally, we use Google Analytics for statistical evaluation of data from AdWordsand the double-click-cookie. In case you do not wish, it can be deactivated via the tool managing marketing specifications, presets and defaults.

Einsatz von Google AdSense Unsere Website nutzt Google AdSense, einen Online-Werbedienst der Google Inc. („Google“). Google AdSense verwendet sog. „Cookies“, Textdateien, die auf dem Computer der Nutzer gespeichert werden und die eine Analyse der Benutzung der Website ermöglicht. Google AdSense verwendet auch sogenannte Web Beacons (unsichtbare Grafiken). Durch diese Web Beacons können Informationen wie der Besucherverkehr auf den Seiten dieses Angebots ausgewertet werden. Die durch Cookies und Web Beacons erzeugten Informationen über die Benutzung dieser Website (einschließlich der IP-Adresse der Nutzer) und Auslieferung von Werbeformaten werden an einen Server von Google in den USA übertragen und dort gespeichert. Diese Informationen können von Google an Vertragspartner von Google weiter gegeben werden. Google wird Ihre IP-Adresse jedoch nicht mit anderen von Ihnen gespeicherten Daten zusammenführen. Nutzer können die Installation der Cookies von Google AdSense auf verschiedene Weise verhindern: durch eine entsprechende Einstellung der Browser-Software; b) durch Deaktivierung der interessenbezogenen Anzeigen bei Google ; c) durch Deaktivierung der interessenbezogenen Anzeigen der Anbieter, die Teil der Selbstregulierungs-Kampagne „ About Ads “ sind; d) durch dauerhafte Deaktivierung durch ein Browser-Plug-in. Die Einstellungen unter b) und c) werden gelöscht, wenn Cookies in den Browsereinstellungen gelöscht werden. Nähere Informationen zu Datenschutz und Cookies für Werbung bei Google AdSense sind in der Datenschutzerklärung von Google , insbesondere unter den folgenden Links zu finden:

Diese Formulierungen wurden übernommen von / Above quotes were taken from:

Welcome to the Google Privacy Policy

When you use Google services, you trust us with your information. This Privacy Policy is meant to help you understand what data we collect, why we collect it, and what we do with it. This is important; we hope you will take time to read it carefully. And remember, you can find controls to manage your information and protect your privacy and security at My Account.

Privacy Policy

Hide examples Show examples Hide examples Last modified: August 19, 2015 (view archived versions) (The hyperlinked examples are available at the end of this document.) Download PDF version There are many different ways you can use our services – to search for and share information, to communicate with other people or to create new content. When you share information with us, for example by creating aGoogle Account, we can make those services even better – to show youmore relevant search results and ads, to help youconnect with people or to make sharing with others quicker and easier. As you use our services, we want you to be clear how we’re using information and the ways in which you can protect your privacy. Our Privacy Policy explains: What information we collect and why we collect it. How we use that information. The choices we offer, including how to access and update information. We’ve tried to keep it as simple as possible, but if you’re not familiar with terms like cookies, IP addresses, pixel tags and browsers, then read about these key terms first. Your privacy matters to Google so whether you are new to Google or a long-time user, please do take the time to get to know our practices – and if you have any questions contact usBack to top

Information we collect

We collect information to provide better services to all of our users – from figuring out basic stuff like which language you speak, to more complex things like which ads you’ll find most usefulthe people who matter most to you online, or which YouTube videos you might like. We collect information in the following ways: Information you give us. For example, many of our services require you to sign up for a Google Account. When you do, we’ll ask for personal information, like your name, email address, telephone number or credit card to store with your account. If you want to take full advantage of the sharing features we offer, we might also ask you to create a publicly visible Google Profile, which may include your name and photo. Information we get from your use of our services. We collect information about the services that you use and how you use them, like when you watch a video on YouTube, visit a website that uses our advertising services, or view and interact with our ads and content. This information includes: Device information We collect device-specific information (such as your hardware model, operating system version, unique device identifiers, and mobile network information including phone number). Google may associate yourdevice identifiers or phone number with your Google Account. Log information When you use our services or view content provided by Google, we automatically collect and store certain information in server logs. This includes: details of how you used our service, such as your search queries. telephony log information like your phone number, calling-party number, forwarding numbers, time and date of calls, duration of calls, SMS routing information and types of calls. Internet protocol address . device event information such as crashes, system activity, hardware settings, browser type, browser language, the date and time of your request and referral URL. cookies that may uniquely identify your browser or your Google Account. Location information When you use Google services, we may collect and process information about your actual location . We use various technologies to determine location, including IP address, GPS, and other sensors that may, for example, provide Google with information on nearby devices, Wi-Fi access points and cell towersUnique application numbers Certain services include a unique application number. This number and information about your installation (for example, the operating system type and application version number) may be sent to Google when you install or uninstall that service or when that service periodically contacts our servers, such as for automatic updates. Local storage We may collect and store information (including personal information) locally on your device using mechanisms such asbrowser web storage (including HTML 5) and application data cachesCookies and similar technologies We and our partners use various technologies to collect and store information when you visit a Google service, and this may include using cookies or similar technologies to identify your browser or device. We also use these technologies to collect and store information when you interact with services we offer to our partners, such as advertising services or Google features that may appear on other sites. Our Google Analytics product helps businesses and site owners analyze the traffic to their websites and apps. When used in conjunction with our advertising services, such as those using the DoubleClick cookie, Google Analytics information is linked, by the Google Analytics customer or by Google, using Google technology, with information about visits to multiple sites . Information we collect when you are signed in to Google, in addition to information we obtain about you from partners, may be associated with your Google Account. When information is associated with your Google Account, we treat it as personal information. For more information about how you can access, manage or delete information that is associated with your Google Account, visit the Transparency and choice section of this policy. Back to top

How we use information we collect

We use the information we collect from all of our services to provide,maintain,protect and improve them, todevelop new ones, and to protect Google and our users. We also use this information to offer you tailored content – like giving you more relevant search results and ads. We may use the name you provide for your Google Profile across all of the services we offer that require a Google Account. In addition, we may replace past names associated with your Google Account so that you are represented consistently across all our services. If other users already have your email, or other information that identifies you, we may show them your publicly visible Google Profile information, such as your name and photo. If you have a Google Account, we may display your Profile name, Profile photo, and actions you take on Google or on third-party applications connected to your Google Account (such as +1’s, reviews you write and comments you post) in our services, including displaying in ads and other commercial contexts. We will respect the choices you make to limit sharing or visibility settings in your Google Account. When you contact Google, we keep a record of your communication to help solve any issues you might be facing. We may use your email address to inform you about our services, such as letting you know about upcoming changes or improvements. We use information collected from cookies and other technologies, likepixel tags, to improve your user experience and the overall quality of our services. One of the products we use to do this on our own services is Google Analytics. For example, by saving your language preferences, we’ll be able to have our services appear in the language you prefer. When showing you tailored ads, we will not associate an identifier from cookies or similar technologies with sensitive categories, such as those based on race, religion, sexual orientation or health. Our automated systems analyze your content (including emails) to provide you personally relevant product features, such as customized search results, tailored advertising, and spam and malware detection. We may combine personal information from one service with information, including personal information, from other Google services – for example to make it easier to share things with people you know. We will not combine DoubleClick cookie information with personally identifiable information unless we have your opt-in consent. We will ask for your consent before using information for a purpose other than those that are set out in this Privacy Policy. Google processes personal information on our servers in many countries around the world. We may process your personal information on a server located outside the country where you live. Back to top

Transparency and choice

People have different privacy concerns. Our goal is to be clear about what information we collect, so that you can make meaningful choices about how it is used. For example, you can: Review and update your Google activity controls to decide what types of data, such as videos you’ve watched on YouTube or past searches, you would like saved with your account when you use Google services. Review and control certain types of information tied to your Google Account by using Google Dashboard. View and edit your preferences about the Google ads shown to you on Google and across the web, such as which categories might interest you, using Ads Settings. You can also opt out of certain Google advertising services here. Adjust how the Profile associated with your Google Account appears to others. Control who you share information with through your Google Account. Take information associated with your Google Account out of many of our services. Choose whether your Profile name and Profile photo appear in shared endorsements that appear in ads. You may also set your browser to block all cookies, including cookies associated with our services, or to indicate when a cookie is being set by us. However, it’s important to remember that many of our services may not function properly if your cookies are disabled. For example, we may not remember your language preferences. Back to top

Information you share

Many of our services let you share information with others. Remember that when you share information publicly, it may be indexable by search engines, including Google. Our services provide you with different options on sharing and removing your contentBack to top

Accessing and updating your personal information

Whenever you use our services, we aim to provide you with access to your personal information. If that information is wrong, we strive to give you ways to update it quickly or to delete it – unless we have to keep that information for legitimate business or legal purposes. When updating your personal information, we may ask you to verify your identity before we can act on your request. We may reject requests that are unreasonably repetitive, require disproportionate technical effort (for example, developing a new system or fundamentally changing an existing practice), risk the privacy of others, or would be extremely impractical (for instance, requests concerning information residing on backup systems). Where we can provide information access and correction, we will do so for free, except where it would require a disproportionate effort. We aim to maintain our services in a manner that protects information from accidental or malicious destruction. Because of this, after you delete information from our services, we may not immediately delete residual copies from our active servers and may not remove information from our backup systems. Back to top

Information we share

We do not share personal information with companies, organizations and individuals outside of Google unless one of the following circumstances applies: With your consent We will share personal information with companies, organizations or individuals outside of Google when we have your consent to do so. We require opt-in consent for the sharing of any sensitive personal informationWith domain administrators If your Google Account is managed for you by a domain administrator (for example, for Google Apps users) then your domain administrator and resellers who provide user support to your organization will have access to your Google Account information (including your email and other data). Your domain administrator may be able to: view statistics regarding your account, like statistics regarding applications you install. change your account password. suspend or terminate your account access. access or retain information stored as part of your account. receive your account information in order to satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request. restrict your ability to delete or edit information or privacy settings. Please refer to your domain administrator’s privacy policy for more information. For external processing We provide personal information to our affiliates or other trusted businesses or persons to process it for us, based on our instructions and in compliance with our Privacy Policy and any other appropriate confidentiality and security measures. For legal reasons We will share personal information with companies, organizations or individuals outside of Google if we have a good-faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of the information is reasonably necessary to: meet any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request. enforce applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations. detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues. protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of Google, our users or the public as required or permitted by law. We may share non-personally identifiable information publicly and with our partners – like publishers, advertisers or connected sites. For example, we may share information publicly to show trends about the general use of our services. If Google is involved in a merger, acquisition or asset sale, we will continue to ensure the confidentiality of any personal information and give affected users notice before personal information is transferred or becomes subject to a different privacy policy. Back to top

Information security

We work hard to protect Google and our users from unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure or destruction of information we hold. In particular: We encrypt many of our services using SSL. We offer you two step verification when you access your Google Account, and a Safe Browsing feature in Google Chrome. We review our information collection, storage and processing practices, including physical security measures, to guard against unauthorized access to systems. We restrict access to personal information to Google employees, contractors and agents who need to know that information in order to process it for us, and who are subject to strict contractual confidentiality obligations and may be disciplined or terminated if they fail to meet these obligations. Back to top

When this Privacy Policy applies

Our Privacy Policy applies to all of the services offered by Google Inc. and its affiliates, including YouTube, services Google provides on Android devices, and services offered on other sites (such as our advertising services), but excludes services that have separate privacy policies that do not incorporate this Privacy Policy. Our Privacy Policy does not apply to services offered by other companies or individuals, including products or sites that may be displayed to you in search results, sites that may include Google services, or other sites linked from our services. Our Privacy Policy does not cover the information practices of other companies and organizations who advertise our services, and who may use cookies, pixel tags and other technologies to serve and offer relevant ads. Back to top

Compliance and cooperation with regulatory authorities

We regularly review our compliance with our Privacy Policy. We also adhere to several self regulatory frameworks. When we receive formal written complaints, we will contact the person who made the complaint to follow up. We work with the appropriate regulatory authorities, including local data protection authorities, to resolve any complaints regarding the transfer of personal data that we cannot resolve with our users directly. Back to top


Our Privacy Policy may change from time to time. We will not reduce your rights under this Privacy Policy without your explicit consent. We will post any privacy policy changes on this page and, if the changes are significant, we will provide a more prominent notice (including, for certain services, email notification of privacy policy changes). We will also keep prior versions of this Privacy Policy in an archive for your review. Back to top

Specific product practices

The following notices explain specific privacy practices with respect to certain Google products and services that you may use: Chrome and Chrome OS Books Payments FiberFor more information about some of our most popular services, you can visit the Google Product Privacy GuideBack to top

Other useful privacy and security related materials

Further useful privacy and security related materials can be found through Google’s policies and principles pages, including: Information about our technologies and principles, which includes, among other things, more information on how Google uses cookies . technologies we use for advertising. how we recognize patterns like faces. A page that explains what data is shared with Google when you visit websites that use our advertising, analytics and social products. The Privacy Checkup tool, which makes it easy to review your key privacy settings. Google’s safety center, which provides information on how to stay safe and secure online. Google+ and GoogleAnalytics

How Google uses data when you use our partners’ sites or apps

Many websites use Google technologies to improve their content and keep it free. When you visit a website that uses our advertising products (like AdSense), social products (like the +1 button) or analytics tools (Google Analytics), your web browser automatically sends certain information to Google. This includes, for example, the web address of the page that you’re visiting and your IP address. We may also set cookies on your browser, or read cookies that are already there. Similarly, apps that partner with Google can send us information such as the name of the app and an identifier that helps us to determine which ads we’ve served to other apps on your device.

How we use the information sent by your browser

When you visit websites or use apps that use Google technologies, we may use the information we receive from those websites and apps to, for example: Make ads more effective Provide reports of ads activity to advertisers and websites hosting the ads, and to ensure payment to those website publishers Help website and app owners using Google Analytics to understand how visitors engage with their sites or apps Improve your Google+ experience Detect and defend against fraud and other security risks to protect users and partners Meet our legal duties Improve our products

How you can control the information sent to Google

For tips and advice on staying safe and managing your data online, visit the Google Safety Center. Here are some of the ways you can control the information that is shared by your web browser when you visit or interact with Google services on partners’ sites across the web: Ads Settings helps you control the ads by Google that you see across the web. You can learn how ads are selected for you, opt out of certain categories and block specific advertisers. Learn more about advertising. Many sites across the web use Google Analytics to understand how visitors engage with their sites or apps. If you don’t want Analytics to be used in your browser, you can install the Google Analytics browser add-on. Learn more about Google Analytics and privacy. Google makes it easy for you to make recommendations for your friends – for example, by clicking the +1 button on content you like. Some of your +1s may show your name and Google+ profile photo in ads, but you can opt out if you don’t want to appear in ads. You can also visit the +1 tab on your Google+ profile to review and manage all of your +1’s. Learn more about how to get to your +1 tab. Incognito mode in Chrome allows you to browse the web without recording webpages and files in your browser history. Cookies are deleted after you’ve closed all of your incognito windows and tabs, and your bookmarks and settings are stored until you delete them. Learn more about cookies. YoutubeProtecting your privacy If someone has posted your personal information or uploaded a video of you without your consent, start by contacting the uploader and asking them to remove the content. If you can’t reach an agreement with the uploader, or if you are uncomfortable contacting them, you canrequest removal of content based on our Privacy Guidelines. For content to be considered for removal, an individual must be uniquely identifiable. When assessing if an individual is uniquely identifiable, we consider the following factors: Your image or voice Full name Financial information Contact information Other personally identifiable information When you report a privacy complaint, we consider public interest, newsworthiness, and consent as factors in our final decision. Check out our Privacy Guidelines for a more detailed explanation of our privacy complaint process and the factors we take into account when evaluating privacy claims. Tips on how to protect your privacy on YouTube: 

Think carefully before you post personal information. This includes things like the town you live in, where you go to school, or your home address. Protect your account data and don’t share your password with others.YouTube employees will never ask you for your password. Don’t be fooled if someone contacts you pretending to be from YouTube. Get permission first. As a rule of thumb, you should get permission before filming other people or posting their personal information. Visit our Privacy and Safety Settings page for a list of tools that you can use to manage your content and experience on the site.   XING Privacy Policy In this privacy policy we would like to inform you about how personal data is handled in connection with the XING share button. The “XING share button” is in use on this website. When accessing this website, your browser connects for a short time to the XING AG (“XING”) servers which provide the “XING share button” features (including the visitor counter). XING does not save any of your Personal Data when you access this website. XING does not store IP addresses, nor does it use cookies to monitor your behavior with regard to the “XING share button”. Please visit the following website to view the latest privacy policy for the “XING share button” and other information: Terms and Conditions on Data Protection “XING” refers to the service provided subject to these General Terms and Conditions and/or XING AG. The protection of your personal data is of utmost concern to XING. In these terms and conditions on data protection XING would like to inform you about how XING treats your personal data and how you can exchange this data with other users of XING. Additional Privacy Policies apply to the following XING applications, which you can view on the application’s respective website: XING applications XING Talent Manager XING AdCreator XING Events kununu (German only) Contaxt (German only) (German only) Jobbö (German only) 

Basic Principles of XING for handling your Personal Data XING strictly adheres to the following basic principles in the protection of your Personal Data: XING shall collect, process and use your Personal Data in accordance with the laws and statutes on data protection of the Federal Republic of Germany and those of the European Union. XING shall use your Personal Data solely to provide you the XING Services on the Internet for which you have registered. XING will never pass your Personal Data on to any third party, neither for advertising, nor for marketing or for any other purposes without your consent. With the exception of some general information about your profession you alone decide which of the Personal Data you have made available to XING in your profile may be displayed by XING to other members of XING (cf. Section 3 of these Terms and Conditions on Data Protection). Persons not registered with XING may only view your Personal Data to the extent that you enable and allow them to do so (cf. Section 4). Definitions The following terms used in these Terms and Conditions on Data Protection shall have the following meanings: “Personal Data” shall mean all data and/or information about your profession or your person.

 “XING Websites” shall mean all websites on which XING provides the XING Services. 

“Social Network” shall mean the contact and communication forums that belong to the applications of the XING service. 

“Profile” shall mean the XING Website where the Personal Data you have made available to XING is displayed in accordance with your specifications and your consent. 

“XING Members” shall mean all registered users with a visible profile in the Social Network. “XING Services” shall mean all registration-based services provided by XING on the XING Websites.

 “Registration Data” shall mean the Personal Data you are obliged to make available to XING in the registration process for the XING Services (mandatory fields). 

What does XING know about you, what do you give XING and XING Members permission to do, and what happens with your Personal Data? Registration Data In order for the XING Services to function, XING needs to collect and process certain elements of your Personal Data in the course of the registration process. First of all, this consists of the following data: Username Password Your password and/or your username are never visible to any XING Member at any time. XING shall never disclose or pass your password and/or your username on to any third party. Furthermore, you will need to fill out certain mandatory fields in the course of creating a Profile, such as: Business e-mail account Business telephone number First name, last name, form of address Date of birth Professional status Company name Position (Title) Industry Country, state and city of your company The following Personal Data from the Profile is accessible to other XING Members without any restrictions: First name, last name Professional status Company name Position (Title) Industry Country, state and city of your company With respect to the following Personal Data in the Profile, you may choose in each individual case whether the data shall be displayed to a specific other XING Member or not: Business e-mail account Business telephone number Date of birth Voluntary Data in the Profile If you wish, you may add more information about yourself to your Profile on a voluntary basis (hereinafter referred to as “Voluntary Data” ), to allow other XING Members to get to know you better and possibly encourage them to choose you as an appropriate business contact. At the moment, you are able to choose from the following Voluntary Data, for example: your interests, your education, companies you have previously worked for, what you have to offer to other XING Members, what you are looking for from other XING Members, etc. You may also upload a photograph of yourself, if you wish. The Voluntary Data you choose to enter in your profile is accessible to all other XING Members. With some of the Voluntary Data you may choose in each individual case if the data shall be displayed to a specific other XING Member. You can revoke Voluntary Data at any time by deleting the data in question from your profile. Your Profile, Contact Management The following sections of the Personal Data you have made available to XING is visible to all other XING Members: First name, last name Professional status Company name Position (Title) Industry Country, state and city of your company All other XING Members may access your Profile and view the information displayed on the Profile, including such Voluntary Data you have specified to be made available to all other XING Members. Certain XING Members may be able to access further of your Voluntary Data in accordance with your specifications (chosen settings) for the respective XING Member in each individual case. If you send XING Members a request for personal contact, these XING Members are then saved in your Profile on a contact list. Should a XING Member confirm your request for contact, this XING Member shall be listed as a so called “confirmed contact”. Confirmed and unconfirmed contacts shall be registered separate from one another. Other XING Members may only ever view your list of confirmed contacts. XING has set your privacy settings under “Privacy” by default so that your list of confirmed contacts is displayed to all XING Members. However, you may change this setting at any time by yourself to the effect that your list of confirmed contacts is not visible to anybody at all or only to certain of your contacts, for example to the direct contacts of your contacts (i.e. second-level contacts) or only to third-level or fourth-level contacts. The following of your personal statistics are visible to all XING Members at all times: Number of your confirmed contacts Number of hits on your Profile Month and year of your membership Type of membership On your profile you will find an activity meter. This meter indicates whether you use the XING services regularly, however, it does not show any details about the way or the times you use the XING services. The activity meter is intended as an indication for other XING members to determine how intensely you use the XING services so that the other XING members can evaluate whether you will presumably react fast on a request via the XING services. You may suppress the activity meter at any time in the settings to your privacy under “Privacy” to the effect that the activity meter is not visible to other XING members. Other XING Members may send you private messages in order to establish contact with you. XING has set your privacy settings under “Privacy” by default so that all XING Members may send you private messages. You may restrict the ability of XING Members to send you private messages at any time to the effect that either no XING Members or only selected contacts may send you private messages, for example only the direct contacts of your contacts (i.e. second-level contacts) or only third-level or fourth-level contacts. As you can see, XING gives you complete control over your own privacy at all times. 

Your comments You can like, find interesting and comment on your contacts’ activity (hereinafter referred to as “comments”). Your comments are then visible to the network of the contact on whose activity you commented. You can delete your comments at any time. Billing details If you use any of XING’s paid services, XING will collect and use your billing details such as your credit card or bank details for billing and payment purposes. If you select credit card as your method of payment and pay with your MasterCard or Visa credit card (not American Express), XING S.à r.l. shall process your billing data along with any other details required for billing purposes (e.g. name and billing address). In such cases, XING AG and XING S.à r.l. shall process your data in accordance with applicable Luxembourg law, in particular the Law of 2 August 2002 on the Protection of Persons with regard to the Processing of Personal Data. XING S.à r.l. shall not process your data in any other cases, including if you choose a payment method other than credit card. To the extent required, your billing details are sent to, collected and processed by service providers such as credit card companies in order to process payments. Your billing details are saved in order to process payments for automatic user account extensions. 

Visibility of your Profile to Non-Members of XING Under “Privacy” you can set the level of your Profile’s privacy at any time. This means that you decide whether to increase your level of privacy or opt in favour of more visibility online, enabling more exposure of your profile for potential business partners. When you register, your default privacy settings rather promote the spirit of networking. The data contained in your profile is visible to non-members of XING and traceable by search engines on the Internet. This, however, does not include personal contact details such as e-mail addresses or phone numbers. If you signed up to XING before 17/08/2007 the following regulation continues to apply: Your profile is preset to be invisible to non-members of XING and not traceable by search engines on the Internet. You can, of course, adjust these settings at any time. However, please note that if you do release your profile to non-members or search engines, this will automatically mean that the following sections of your registration data are displayed to non-members of XING: First name, last name, professional status, position (title), previous companies and positions, industry, country, state and city of your company If your profile shall be visible to non-members of XING or traceable by search engines on the Internet, such voluntary data that you have specified in the settings under “Privacy” to be visible to other XING members will also automatically be visible to non-members of XING. Finally, a maximum of four (4) of your confirmed contacts will automatically be visible, chosen at random. You may prevent the display of these four (4) confirmed contacts at any time by changing the setting for the display of confirmed contacts under “Privacy” to any other setting than “all members”. Groups On the XING Websites, XING offers certain groups, forums and similar services. Each group has one (1) or more moderator(s). The moderator decides for each group whether the group is public or whether it is only accessible to a specific group of people, as well as who has read and/or write access for each relevant group. This information will be displayed on the XING Websites for the relevant group. It is visible to XING Members and it may also be visible to non-members of XING, depending on the settings chosen by the moderator. Please note: where a group is specified as “public” on the XING Website and in the event that the moderator has not restricted the access rights to the group, all contributions of XING Members to such a group can be read by all other XING Members, and these contributions are then also accessible to non-members of XING on the Internet without any restrictions. You may deactivate the traceability of your contributions to a group by Internet search engines or by so-called RSS readers in your privacy settings under “Privacy”. However, any contributions you posted on the group prior to deactivation will remain visible after the deactivation as well. RSS readers are programs which trace updates of a website, providing the website technically supports the so called RSS standard. Where Internet groups support the RSS standard, the RSS reader may track if, when and which new articles have been published.

 Appointments, Activities, Event Management On the XING Websites, XING offers you the possibility to enter your appointments, activities and events as well as similar services (collectively hereinafter referred to as “events”). With this function you may manage and coordinate your events with other XING Members and/or with non-members of XING, and you may also invite other XING Members and/or non-members to specific events. Each event has one (1) or more hosts (organisers). The host decides for each event if and which information about the event is visible to other XING Members and/or for non-members of XING. Among other things, this information may include whether the event is reserved to XING Members or whether it is a public event and as such accessible to non-members, whether the number of participants is limited, whether the guest list is visible without any restrictions or if and which restrictions should apply to the visibility of the guest list. The above information shall be displayed on the XING Websites for the relevant event. It is visible to XING Members, and it may also be visible to non-members, depending on the settings chosen by the host.

 API and data processing on behalf of users XING provides the XING API to selected developers and companies (“API Partners”) so that they can develop and manage applications that grant users of API Partner applications access to data and content beyond the XING platform while also allowing said users to integrate external content on the XING platform. The aim of integrating external applications is to make XING more appealing and useful to XING Members. API stands for Application Programming Interface, meaning that the XING API is an interface provided by XING that allows API partners to integrate one or more applications on the XING platform provided they adhere to XING’s contractual terms. XING Members are required to provide their consent before using any of the applications. API Partners are required to register on XING and enter into an agreement with XING that governs both the rights and duties of both parties. The API Partners are in particular required to give their consent in terms of accessing, saving and using personal data. XING requires contractual agreements and has made technical provisions to prevent API Partners from potentially misusing personal data. Every API Partner application that accesses the data and content of XING Members requires the prior consent of XING AG. XING has therefore compiled a list of criteria in order to ensure that XING Member data is both safe and secure. If an application involves personal data being processed in countries outside of the European Union (“third countries”), XING will stipulate the privacy policy required in order to ensure that API Partners in third countries maintain an appropriate level of data protection. If you would like to use an API Partner application, you need to grant the application access to data on XING. Depending on the application in question, a separate declaration of consent for data processing may be required. When API Partners process XING Member data, this is performed on behalf of the XING Member that activated the application. XING provides its members with services allowing them to process their own data and/or that of third parties. If you activate such a XING application or service, you are responsible for the personal data processed on your behalf. XING provides you with features for managing and, in particular, for deleting data that XING processes on your behalf. You have the right and option to terminate personal data processing on your behalf at any time. Invitations As a XING Member you may invite others to join XING. XING shall process personal data collected in the course of the invitation on behalf of the XING member solely for expanding their network, e.g. through contact suggestions, and shall not use it for any other purposes. XING will send a reminder e-mail (“automatic reminder”) on behalf of the XING member to the recipient of the invitation 21 days after you send the invitation. You can deactivate the automatic reminder feature in your settings. You are also able to send out manual reminder e-mails in addition to the automatic reminder feature. XING only saves encrypted copies of the e-mail addresses to which you send invitations. This encryption is removed temporarily when you view these e-mail addresses in your XING account. You can delete the data in your account at any time. Invitation recipients have the right to revoke the use of their e-mail address for invitation purposes at any time. Please note that the following sections of your Personal Data are displayed to the recipient of the invitation: Your name Your company name Your position Your e-mail address Your photograph Your membership status

 What does “Clickpath” mean? “Clickpath” is a function of the XING Services which registers access to XING Members’ Profiles by other XING Members, to event pages or access to specific information within XING Members’ Profiles. The information registered by Clickpath is only available to Premium Members of XING XING and organizers who have booked the Event Plus option for their events. By using Clickpath you can see which Profiles of other XING Members you have visited. You can also check which other XING Members have visited your Profile. By the same token, all other Premium Members of XING can do the same, i.e. they may see whether you have visited their Profile. This feature is an essential part of contact management on XING and as such an essential feature of the XING Services: you are not able to deactivate this feature in your privacy settings.

If you do not agree that other XING Members may see that you have visited their Profile, you should not use the XING Services.Furthermore, Clickpath registers which XING Members have visited your XING “About me” page which you can set up within the framework of XING Services, and which XING Members have visited the website of one of your previous companies. Any information registered by Clickpath is deleted by XING automatically within three (3) months after its registration. Search Functions The XING Services offer various possibilities to search for particular XING Members, including a Power Search feature and a Search Agent feature. These various search functions may assist you, for example, in finding other XING Members with similar interests. The search functions can also help you to initiate contact with other XING Members who offer exactly what you are looking for. Thus, you can find the contacts you need – and systematically expand your personal network. Newsletter, weekly status e-mails XING uses the electronic e-mail address(es) you entered to send you regular newsletters, status e-mails, advertising for similar products and services, and surveys for internal market research purposes (collectively hereinafter referred to as the “newsletter”), unless you object to such use. In these newsletters XING may inform you, among other things, about new features on XING, interesting contacts and certain personal statistics. You may choose to unsubscribe from the newsletter at any time by changing your notification settings on XING or by sending an e-mail to the link provided at the end of each newsletter without costs arising by virtue thereof, other than transmission costs pursuant to the basic rates. Cookies and pixels “Cookies” are small files that enable us to store specific information related to you, the User, on your PC or other end device while using the XING services. Cookies help to analyse usage frequency, the number of people who use our website, user behaviour on our website, advertising effectiveness, and to increased security and tailor our service offering to your needs. After you have logged in to the XING Services with your username and password, XING uses so-called “session cookies” in order to identify you during the course of your session. Upon the termination of your session, the session cookie will be automatically deleted. You can save session cookies on your computer to enable automatic login for subsequent sessions by activating the function: “Login automatically on this computer”. Session cookies will then store parts of your login data in encrypted form. If you select automatic login, please be aware that this will then only be possible on the same computer on which the cookie was first saved, i.e. an automatic login on two (2) different computers is not possible. XING Services also use “permanent cookies” to record information about visitors to the XING Websites who repeatedly use the XING Services. Permanent cookies are designed to help us continually improve the products and services we offer you. Permanent cookies do not contain personal information such as your name, IP address, etc., meaning that we do not generate profiles based on user behaviour. You can edit the settings of your browser to prevent cookies from being stored, to limit the storage of cookies to certain websites, or such that your browser informs you every time a cookie is sent. You can also delete cookies from your PC’s hard drive at any time. However, please note that you will not be able to take advantage of the XING Services if session cookies are deactivated. Third-party cookies could also be stored on your PC or end device when using XING and/or XING applications which are partially or entirely provided by third parties. You can prevent such cookies from being stored in your browser by adjusting the browser settings accordingly. XING uses so-called pixels, Web beacons, clear GIFs and other similar mechanisms (“Pixels”). A pixel is an image file or link to an image file added to the Website code but not sent to your end device (e.g. PC, smartphone, etc.). Pixels are largely used for the same reasons as cookies, i.e. to analyse the number of people who use our website or, if the user’s e-mail program allows HTML, to determine whether and when an e-mail was opened. Pixels help us to check and optimise the effectiveness of our Websites, offers and advertising campaigns. Pixels do not provide us with personal information and do not enable us to track users. Pixels are usually used in conjunction with cookies. If you have deactivated the use of cookies in your browser, then the pixel will only report an anonymous website visit. We also use pixel-based and cookie-based conversion tracking technologies in order to be able to measure the success of our advertising campaigns, for example. To this end we use technologies provided by Google, Yahoo!, Bing etc. The following links contain information these providers have published with regard to cookies and opting out: Google: How Google uses cookies Yahoo!/Bing: Opt out of personalised advertising NEXT AUDIENCE: Privacy information Criteo: Information about behaviour-related advertising AdClear: You can opt out of tracking performed by AdClear. Opt out of Adclear tracking Interest- and behaviour-related information and advertising On our Websites we also use technologies to show you information and advertising based on your interests and behaviour. To do so, we use data-protection-friendly technologies based on data anonymisation and pseudonymisation. To this end, we use an external service provider who gathers on our behalf certain information about your activities on our Websites. Said service provider is never able to assign the information it gathers to a specific person, and IP addresses are immediately anonymised. Said service provider never stores Personal Data. Instead it performs calculations based on this and other non-personal information, which we then receive as recommendations for showing you information or advertising based on your interests and behaviour. If you would no longer like to receive such information or advertising, you can click on the link below to revoke your permission and deactivate data collection by setting an opt-out cookie: Opt-outcomplete Please note that data will again be collected should you delete the opt-out cookie. Web analysis We need to analyse the browsing behaviour of visitors to our platform in order to optimise our services. To this end, we use web analysis methods that track XING users and third parties who visit the XING platform. The purpose of collecting and evaluating this data is to enable us to fix bugs and, in particular, optimise XING in terms of user needs. Our web analyses methods also provide us with figures pertaining to the number of visitors, temporal distribution, preferred content, length of time spent on a page, etc. We use Adobe Digital Analytics as our web analysis tool in conjunction with cookies. Web analysis is performed pseudonymously, meaning that we are unable to directly deduce information regarding your person when performing web analyses. The cookies used during web analysis contain an ID which allows us to identify your end device’s browser. You can opt out of our Adobe Digital Analytics web analysis at any time by clicking on the following link and selecting the “opt-out” link: Please note that a cookie is set when you click on the opt-out link. This means that you cannot opt out of the web analysis process if you delete the respective cookie. The Adobe Digital Analytics version we use is fully compliant with data protection laws as we have concluded a corresponding data processing agreement. In order to comply with said agreement, we anonymise your IP addresses immediately after collection and personal data is processed within the European Union. Heat maps In order to make our website more user friendly, we use a system that records the activities of individual site visitors that are selected at random. When recording such activities, any and all personal references are removed so that we are unable to link users to the collected data. The recorded activities are mouse movements and clicks, while information about the operating system, browser, screen resolution and device type are also collected for statistical purposes. You can opt out from this web analysis on the following page (in German): ScorecardResearch We have implemented the ScorecardResearch service on our websites. This service collects data pertaining to browsing behaviour on the websites of companies that registered with ComScore, a leading global market research effort that studies and reports on Internet trends and behaviour. Click here to set an opt-out cookie which means that your browsing behaviour will no longer be tracked by ScorecardResearch. Please note that the ScorecardResearch service will commence again if you delete this cookie. The following information also applies to users in Germany: Our website uses the “Scalable Centralised Measurement System” (“Skalierbares zentrales Messverfahren – currently known as SZMng”) developed by INFOnline in order to enable us to gather statistical information about the use of our website. The objective of audience measurement is to statistically determine the intensity of use, the number of users of a particular website, and their surfing behaviour based on a standardised process in order to obtain values that can be compared on a market level. Websites, the operators of which are members of the Informationsgemeinschaft zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von Werbeträgern e.V. ( IVW – German Information Association for Determining the Circulation of Advertising Media) or which participate in surveys organised by Arbeitsgemeinschaft Online-Forschung e.V. ((AGOF – German Working Group for Online Media Research), will have their utilisation statistics published regularly by the AGOF and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Media-Analyse e.V. ( German Media Analysis Working Group) as well as by the IVW. This information can be viewed on the respective websites. INFOnline GmbH collects and processes data according to German data protection law. Technical and organisational measures have been put in place to ensure that it is not possible to identify individual users at any time. Data that may contain a reference to a certain identifiable person will be anonymised as soon as possible. Every device that accesses the internet to transfer data requires a unique address known as an IP address. Due to how the internet works, IP addresses have to be temporarily saved from a technical perspective. However, IP addresses are abridged prior to any processing and only processed in anonymised form. Full IP addresses are never saved or processed. Geolocation, i.e. the identification of the real-world geographic location of a website visitor, takes place solely on the basis of the anonymised IP address and only at a regional level. This means that it is never possible to determine the specific place of residence of a user as a result of geolocation. For the purpose of recognising computer systems, audience measurement either uses a cookie with the identifier “”, a local storage object, or an anonymous signature which is created on the basis of various data automatically relayed by your browser. The cookie is valid for a maximum of one (1) year. In order to measure distributed use, i.e. the use of various devices to access a single service), the user identifier may, if present, be sent to INFOline as an anonymised checksum during login. The saved visits are deleted after a period of seven (7) months at the latest. If you wish to opt-out of the measurement of data, please click on the following link: More information about data protection within the scope of this method is available from the website of INFOnline GmbH, which operates the method, the data protection website of AGOF and the data protection website of IVW.

 Log Files/Mobile Handshake Each time you access a website from the XING Websites, XING will save the following data in a log file (the so called “server log”): The time, status, and amount of the transferred data, as well as the website from which you have reached the requested page of the XING Websites (the so-called “referrer”) The product and release information from your Internet browser (the so called “user agent”). This log file will be stored by XING in the standardised “combined” log file format for the Apache web server. XING will not store your IP address once you leave the XING Websites. Except for legislation regarding the storage of data, Users’ IP addresses will be deleted or anonymised once they end their session on the XING Websites. Anonymisation means that IP addresses are modified in such a way that specific personal and/or factual information cannot be attributed to a certain identified or identifiable person or can only be attributed by deploying a disproportionately large amount of time, effort and cost. XING uses the data from this log file in anonymous form without reference to your person for statistical purposes. In doing so, XING may analyse on which days and at which time the XING Websites are particularly frequented and how much data volume is created on the XING Websites. Furthermore, by using the log file, XING can identify defects on the XING Websites, such as defective hyperlinks or program defects, and thus continually improve the quality of the XING Websites. XING does not attribute the website demands stored in the log file to specific individual users. However, XING reserves the right to review the log files if XING has reasonable cause to believe that the member is using XING Services and/or XING Websites in breach of contractual agreements or the applicable legislation. In doing this, XING is protecting other XING Members and users, the safety of XING Members’ and users’ data, as well as XING Websites and the XING Services. The “Mobile Handshake” function allows you to see if there are XING Members in your vicinity who are also using this function. It allows other XING Members to find you if you have the “Mobile Handshake” function activated. To do this, XING needs to determine your location for a short period of time. In doing so, XING saves your position (longitude and latitude) and the point in time at which you used the “Mobile Handshake” function in its server log file. This information is only stored while XING determines your location. Once this process has been completed, your data will be deleted or anonymised. Minors Membership of XING Services is reserved for persons who have reached the legal age of 18. Parents and legal guardians are responsible for the protection of their children’s privacy. Accessibility of these Terms and Conditions on Data Protection These Terms and Conditions on Data Protection are accessible from any website of the XING Websites under the link “Privacy Policy”Facebook Privacy & Cookie Policy   Return to top

What kinds of information do we collect?

Depending on which Services you use, we collect different kinds of information from or about you. Things you do and information you provide. We collect the content and other information you provide when you use our Services, including when you sign up for an account, create or share, and message or communicate with others. This can include information in or about the content you provide, such as the location of a photo or the date a file was created. We also collect information about how you use our Services, such as the types of content you view or engage with or the frequency and duration of your activities. Things others do and information they provide. We also collect content and information that other people provide when they use our Services, including information about you, such as when they share a photo of you, send a message to you, or upload, sync or import your contact information. Your networks and connections. We collect information about the people and groups you are connected to and how you interact with them, such as the people you communicate with the most or the groups you like to share with. We also collect contact information you provide if you upload, sync or import this information (such as an address book) from a device. Information about payments. If you use our Services for purchases or financial transactions (like when you buy something on Facebook, make a purchase in a game, or make a donation), we collect information about the purchase or transaction. This includes your payment information, such as your credit or debit card number and other card information, and other account and authentication information, as well as billing, shipping and contact details. Device information. We collect information from or about the computers, phones, or other devices where you install or access our Services, depending on the permissions you’ve granted. We may associate the information we collect from your different devices, which helps us provide consistent Services across your devices. Here are some examples of the device information we collect: Attributes such as the operating system, hardware version, device settings, file and software names and types, battery and signal strength, and device identifiers. Device locations, including specific geographic locations, such as through GPS, Bluetooth, or WiFi signals. Connection information such as the name of your mobile operator or ISP, browser type, language and time zone, mobile phone number and IP address. Information from websites and apps that use our Services. We collect information when you visit or use third-party websites and apps that use our Services (like when they offer our Like button or Facebook Log In or use our measurement and advertising services). This includes information about the websites and apps you visit, your use of our Services on those websites and apps, as well as information the developer or publisher of the app or website provides to you or us. Information from third-party partners. We receive information about you and your activities on and off Facebook from third-party partners, such as information from a partner when we jointly offer services or from an advertiser about your experiences or interactions with them. Facebook companies. We receive information about you from companies that are owned or operated by Facebook, in accordance with their terms and policies. Learn more about these companies and their privacy policies.   Return to top

How do we use this information?

We are passionate about creating engaging and customized experiences for people. We use all of the information we have to help us provide and support our Services. Here’s how: Provide, improve and develop Services. We are able to deliver our Services, personalize content, and make suggestions for you by using this information to understand how you use and interact with our Services and the people or things you’re connected to and interested in on and off our Services. We also use information we have to provide shortcuts and suggestions to you. For example, we are able to suggest that your friend tag you in a picture by comparing your friend’s pictures to information we’ve put together from your profile pictures and the other photos in which you’ve been tagged. If this feature is enabled for you, you can control whether we suggest that another user tag you in a photo using the “Timeline and Tagging” settings. When we have location information, we use it to tailor our Services for you and others, like helping you to check-in and find local events or offers in your area or tell your friends that you are nearby. We conduct surveys and research, test features in development, and analyze the information we have to evaluate and improve products and services, develop new products or features, and conduct audits and troubleshooting activities. Communicate with you. We use your information to send you marketing communications, communicate with you about our Services and let you know about our policies and terms. We also use your information to respond to you when you contact us. Show and measure ads and services. We use the information we have to improve our advertising and measurement systems so we can show you relevant ads on and off our Services and measure the effectiveness and reach of ads and services.Learn more about advertising on our Services and how you can control how information about you is used to personalize the ads you see. Promote safety and security. We use the information we have to help verify accounts and activity, and to promote safety and security on and off of our Services, such as by investigating suspicious activity or violations of our terms or policies. We work hard to protect your account using teams of engineers, automated systems, and advanced technology such as encryption and machine learning. We also offer easy-to-use security tools that add an extra layer of security to your account. For more information about promoting safety on Facebook, visit the Facebook Security Help Center. We use cookies and similar technologies to provide and support our Services and each of the uses outlined and described in this section of our policy. Read our Cookie Policy to learn more.   Return to top

How is this information shared?

Sharing On Our Services People use our Services to connect and share with others. We make this possible by sharing your information in the following ways: People you share and communicate with. When you share and communicate using our Services, you choose the audience who can see what you share. For example, when you post on Facebook, you select the audience for the post, such as a customized group of individuals, all of your Friends, or members of a Group. Likewise, when you use Messenger, you also choose the people you send photos to or message. Public information is any information you share with a public audience, as well as information in your Public Profile, or content you share on a Facebook Page or another public forum. Public information is available to anyone on or off our Services and can be seen or accessed through online search engines, APIs, and offline media, such as on TV. In some cases, people you share and communicate with may download or re-share this content with others on and off our Services. When you comment on another person’s post or like their content on Facebook, that person decides the audience who can see your comment or like. If their audience is public, your comment will also be public. People that see content others share about you. Other people may use our Services to share content about you with the audience they choose. For example, people may share a photo of you, mention or tag you at a location in a post, or share information about you that you shared with them. If you have concerns with someone’s post, social reporting is a way for people to quickly and easily ask for help from someone they trust. Learn MoreApps, websites and third-party integrations on or using our Services. When you use third-party apps, websites or other services that use, or are integrated with, our Services, they may receive information about what you post or share. For example, when you play a game with your Facebook friends or use the Facebook Comment or Share button on a website, the game developer or website may get information about your activities in the game or receive a comment or link that you share from their website on Facebook. In addition, when you download or use such third-party services, they can access your Public Profile, which includes your username or user ID, your age range and country/language, your list of friends, as well as any information that you share with them. Information collected by these apps, websites or integrated services is subject to their own terms and policies. Learn more about how you can control the information about you that you or others share with these apps and websites. Sharing within Facebook companies. We share information we have about you within the family of companies that are part of Facebook. Learn more about our companies. New owner. If the ownership or control of all or part of our Services or their assets changes, we may transfer your information to the new owner. Sharing With Third-Party Partners and Customers We work with third party companies who help us provide and improve our Services or who use advertising or related products, which makes it possible to operate our companies and provide free services to people around the world. Here are the types of third parties we can share information with about you: Advertising, Measurement and Analytics Services (Non-Personally Identifiable Information Only). We want our advertising to be as relevant and interesting as the other information you find on our Services. With this in mind, we use all of the information we have about you to show you relevant ads. We do not share information that personally identifies you (personally identifiable information is information like name or email address that can by itself be used to contact you or identifies who you are) with advertising, measurement or analytics partners unless you give us permission. We may provide these partners with information about the reach and effectiveness of their advertising without providing information that personally identifies you, or if we have aggregated the information so that it does not personally identify you. For example, we may tell an advertiser how its ads performed, or how many people viewed their ads or installed an app after seeing an ad, or provide non-personally identifying demographic information (such as 25 year old female, in Madrid, who likes software engineering) to these partners to help them understand their audience or customers, but only after the advertiser has agreed to abide by our advertiser guidelines. Please review your advertising preferences to understand why you’re seeing a particular ad on Facebook. You can adjust your ad preferences if you want to control and manage your ad experience on Facebook. Vendors, service providers and other partners. We transfer information to vendors, service providers, and other partners who globally support our business, such as providing technical infrastructure services, analyzing how our Services are used, measuring the effectiveness of ads and services, providing customer service, facilitating payments, or conducting academic research and surveys. These partners must adhere to strict confidentiality obligations in a way that is consistent with this Data Policy and the agreements we enter into with them.   Return to top

How can I manage or delete information about me?

You can manage the content and information you share when you use Facebook through the Activity Log tool. You can also download information associated with your Facebook account through our Download Your Information tool. We store data for as long as it is necessary to provide products and services to you and others, including those described above. Information associated with your account will be kept until your account is deleted, unless we no longer need the data to provide products and services. You can delete your account any time. When you delete your account, we delete things you have posted, such as your photos and status updates. If you do not want to delete your account, but want to temporarily stop using Facebook, you may deactivate your account instead. To learn more about deactivating or deleting your account, click here. Keep in mind that information that others have shared about you is not part of your account and will not be deleted when you delete your account.   Return to top

How do we respond to legal requests or prevent harm?

We may access, preserve and share your information in response to a legal request (like a search warrant, court order or subpoena) if we have a good faith belief that the law requires us to do so. This may include responding to legal requests from jurisdictions outside of the United States where we have a good faith belief that the response is required by law in that jurisdiction, affects users in that jurisdiction, and is consistent with internationally recognized standards. We may also access, preserve and share information when we have a good faith belief it is necessary to: detect, prevent and address fraud and other illegal activity; to protect ourselves, you and others, including as part of investigations; or to prevent death or imminent bodily harm. For example, we may provide information to third-party partners about the reliability of your account to prevent fraud and abuse on and off of our Services. Information we receive about you, including financial transaction data related to purchases made with Facebook, may be accessed, processed and retained for an extended period of time when it is the subject of a legal request or obligation, governmental investigation, or investigations concerning possible violations of our terms or policies, or otherwise to prevent harm. We also may retain information from accounts disabled for violations of our terms for at least a year to prevent repeat abuse or other violations of our terms.   Return to top

How our global services operate

Facebook, Inc. complies with the US-EU and US-Swiss Safe Harbor framework for the collection, use and retention of information from the European Union and Switzerland, as set out by the Department of Commerce. To view our certification, visit the Safe Harbor website. As part of our participation in the Safe Harbor program, we will resolve disputes you have with us in connection with our policies and practices through TRUSTe. You can contact TRUSTe through their website . Facebook may share information internally within our family of companies or with third parties for purposes described in this policy. Information collected within the European Economic Area (“EEA”) may, for example, be transferred to countries outside of the EEA for the purposes as described in this policy.   Return to top

How will we notify you of changes to this policy?

We’ll notify you before we make changes to this policy and give you the opportunity to review and comment on the revised policy before continuing to use our Services.   Return to top

How to contact Facebook with questions

To learn more about how privacy works on Facebook, please check out Privacy Basics. If you have questions about this policy, here’s how you can reach us: If you live in the US or Canada… Please contact Facebook, Inc. online or by mail at: Facebook, Inc. 1601 Willow Road Menlo Park, CA 94025 If you live anywhere else… The data controller responsible for your information is Facebook Ireland Ltd., which you can contact online or by mail at: Facebook Ireland Ltd. 4 Grand Canal Square Grand Canal Harbour Dublin 2 Ireland Facebook Cookie Policy

Cookies, Pixels & Similar Technologies

Technologies like cookies, pixel tags (“pixels”), device or other identifiers and local storage (collectively, “Cookies and similar technologies”) are used to deliver, secure, and understand products, services, and ads, on and off the Facebook Services. We offer a range of products and features that involve the use of these technologies to reach you based on your activity on and off our Services. You can learn more about our advertising products and the controls you have by visiting our “Advertising on Facebook” page. As described in more detail below, we also use these technologies in other ways, like for security purposes, to deliver and enable products and services, as well as to understand and measure products, services and advertisements. Third parties that you interact with as you use the Facebook Services may also use these technologies for a variety of purposes. Check back here from time to time to get the latest information about these technologies and how they are used. Your browser or device may offer settings related to these technologies. For more information about whether these settings are available, what they do, and how they work, visit your browser or device’s help material. We may not recognize or respond to browser or device signals around tracking, and some settings may interfere with your use of features we offer. Additionally, the settings offered by a browser or device often only apply to that particular browser or device. What are some of these technologies? Cookies are small files that are placed on your browser or device by the website or app you’re using or ad you’re viewing. Pixel tags (also called clear GIFs, web beacons, or pixels) are small blocks of code on a webpage or app that allow them to do things like read and place cookies and transmit information to us or our partners. The resulting connection can include information such as a device’s IP address, the time a person viewed the pixel, an identifier associated with the browser or device and the type of browser being used. Local storage is an industry-standard technology that allows a website or app to store and retrieve data on a person’s computer, mobile phone or other device. Some examples include device or HTML5 local storage and caching. Why do we use cookies and similar technologies? We use these technologies for a variety of reasons, such as allowing us to show you content and advertising that’s most relevant to you; improving our products and services; and helping to keep our Services secure. While specific names of the Cookies and similar technologies that we use may change from time to time as we improve and update our Services, they generally fall into the below categories of use:

Categories of use



These technologies tell us when you’re logged in, so we can show you the appropriate experience and features. For example, Cookies and similar technologies tell us when you are logged in to Facebook so we can show you relevant and social information when you visit other websites that use our social plugins. We also use this information to understand how you use our Platform and other apps and services.

Security and site integrity

These help keep Facebook Services safe and secure. They support or enable security features and help us detect activity that violates our Statement of Rights and Responsibilities. For example, they help protect your account from being accessed by anyone other than you. Cookies and similar technologies also let us know when several people have logged in from the same computer. With login approvals if someone logs into your account from a browser you’ve never used before, we may block them and ask for more information. They also help us implement login notifications, so you can be alerted when your account is accessed and disable any active sessions. Besides helping to keep unauthorized people from logging into your account, we also use Cookies and similar technologies to help make sure the people or machines that access our Services don’t violate our policies. For example, certain information on Facebook is public and therefore can be accessed by anyone on the internet. These Cookies and similar technologies help us understand the volume and frequency of requests so we can detect and stop people or machines from “scraping” information from our site. We also use these tools to make Facebook easier to use, like when you mistype one character of your username or password. If you’ve already logged into Facebook from the same browser, we’ll give you easier options to correct your typo since we know you’ve successfully logged into Facebook before.

Advertising, insights and measurement

Things like Cookies and similar technologies (such as information about your device or a pixel on a website) are used to understand and deliver ads, make them more relevant to you, and analyze products and services and the use of those products and services. For example, we use cookies so we, or our affiliates and partners, can serve you ads that may be interesting to you on Facebook Services or other websites and mobile applications. We may also use a cookie to learn whether someone who was served an ad on Facebook Services later makes a purchase on the advertiser’s site or installs the advertised app. Similarly, our partners may use a cookie or another similar technology to determine whether we’ve served an ad and how it performed or provide us with information about how you interact with them. We also may work with an advertiser or its marketing partners to serve you an ad on or off Facebook Services, such as after you’ve visited the advertiser’s site or app, or show you an ad based on the websites you visit or the apps you use – all across the Internet and mobile ecosystem. We also may use Cookies to provide advertisers with insights about the people who see and interact with their ads, visit their websites, and use their apps. Learn more about the information we receive, how we decide which ads to show you on and off Facebook Services, and the controls available to you.


These help us provide localized experiences. For example, we may store information in a cookie that is placed on your browser or device so you will see the site in your preferred language.

Site features and services

These provide functionality that help us deliver products and services. For example, Cookies or similar technologies help you log in by pre-filling the username field and help make chat a better experience by showing which of your friends are online. We may also use Cookies and similar technologies to help us store preferences, know when you’ve seen or interacted with Facebook Services’ content, and provide you and others with social plugins and other customized content and experiences, such as making suggestions to you and others. Learn more.


We use these to provide you with the best experience possible. For example, we may use Cookies or similar technologies to help us route traffic between servers and understand how quickly Facebook Services load for different people. Sometimes we may store information on your browser or device so features you are using load and respond faster.

Analytics and research

These are used to understand, improve, and research products and services, including when you access Facebook Services or other websites and apps from a computer or mobile device. For example, we may use Cookies or similar technologies (including information from your device) to understand how you are using social plugins to improve them. We may share information about this analysis with our partners.

You can also take a look at the cookies section of our publicly available audit, carried out by the Office of the Data Protection Commissioner in Ireland, which explains more about the cookies we use. How do we use cookies, local storage or similar technologies when you use a mobile device? Many mobile devices act just like computers, such as smart phones that support full-featured browsers. For those devices, we and our partners use Cookies and similar technologies in ways that are similar to when you are accessing the web from a computer. Other devices use different technologies such as local storage on a device, Software Development Kits (SDKs) or Advanced Programming Interfaces (APIs) to facilitate the same types of processes we use Cookies for, as described above. We may obtain or receive information about your use ofyour device, our apps, or other apps. As on the web, we also may use these technologies to store an identifier or other information on your device. We describe how we use these technologies and the information we received through their use above. For example, if we learn that you’re already using an app, when you click on a link in News Feed from that app, we can send you directly to that app. If you don’t have the app, we would instead send you to an app store so you could download the app. How do we use cookies for security purposes? We use tools like cookies to help keep Facebook Services safe, secure and easy to use. Cookies support or enable security features. For example, with login approvals if someone logs into your account from a browser you’ve never used before, we may block them and ask for more information. They also help us implement login notifications, so you can be alerted when your account is accessed under suspicious circumstances and disable any active Facebook sessions. Besides helping to keep unauthorized people from logging into your account, we also use cookies to help make sure the people or machines that access our Services don’t violate our policies. For example, certain information on our Services is public and therefore can be accessed by anyone on the Internet. These cookies help us understanding the volume and frequency of requests so we can detect and stop people or machines from “scraping” information from our site. We also use these tools to make our Services easier to use, like when you mistype one character of your username or password. For example, if you’ve already logged into Facebook from the same browser, we’ll give you easier options to correct your typo since we know you’ve successfully logged into Facebook before. When might we use cookies, device identifiers, local storage or similar technologies? We may place or use these technologies when you interact with our Services, our related companies, or with an advertiser or partner (whether or not you are logged in to the particular Service) using a browser or device that permits the placement or use of the relevant technology. For example, when you visit our site or use our app, we may place or read cookies or receive information from your devices. We may also place cookies through a pixel on an advertiser’s or partner’s site. When might we read the cookies on your computer or device? Web browsers send any cookies for a particular web domain (ex: to the website each time a machine with those cookies accesses content served from that domain. This means that any cookies will be sent to Facebook when any page is accessed at by that machine. It also means that these cookies are sent to Facebook when someone accesses a third-party website or application that integrates or uses our Services, like one of our plugins. Sometimes we work with websites, apps and their partners so that we can place or read Facebook cookies on your browsers or devices when you visit third-party services. This allows us to do things like read and reference cookies from more than one device or browser that you use, on and off of our Services, so we can provide you Facebook Services across all of your devices and improve and understand the products, ads and services we offer to you and others across the Internet. How do third parties use cookies, pixel tags (“pixels”) and other similar technologies on our Services? We sometimes use service providers to help us provide certain products and services. For example, we use service providers to help you buy things using Facebook on your mobile phone. As part of those services, a provider may use a pixel to collect information about your phone so that, if you choose, it can help us conveniently bill you through your regular phone bill. When you view, click or otherwise interact with an ad or app on or off Facebook, our partners also use cookies, pixels or similar technologies (like local storage or information from your device), to help provide you with relevant services and ads. For example, a platform partner may use cookies, software developer kits (SDKs) or similar technologies to customize your experience while you’re using their app. Or, an advertising partner may use a cookie to decide whether they want us to show you one of their ads or to measure the performance of the ads you see. Our partners also may use these technologies to help share information with our Services, like how you use their website or app. We or others (like your friends in their posts or the Pages or apps you visit or use) may integrate third party features like maps or videos to provide you with better services. The providers of those integrations may collect information when you view or use them, including information about you and your device or browser. They may do this using Cookies or similar technologies. To learn more about the information they collect or receive, review their privacy policies. How do we use Cookies and similar technologies to show relevant ads? We use Cookies and similar technologies to show you ads on and off Facebook Services. Learn more about how Facebookdecides which ads to show you and the controls available to you. You can adjust your ad preferences if you want to control and manage your ad experience on Facebook. The advertising companies we work with generally use cookies and similar technologies as part of their services. When they do so, they often adhere to industry-standard controls that you can use or they may offer other choices as well. To learn more about how advertisers generally use cookies and the choices they offer, you can review the following resources: Network Advertising Alliance Digital Advertising Alliance European Interactive Digital Advertising Alliance Digital Advertising Alliance of Canada Internet Advertising Bureau (US) Internet Advertising Bureau (EU) We work with advertising companies to help advertisers show people ads based on other websites or apps those people have visited, among other factors. This helps us show you more useful and relevant ads. For example, if an advertiser is promoting an airline sale to Hawaii, they might want to show their ad to people who recently visited websites related to traveling to Hawaii. We work with an advertising company to help that advertiser show the airline sale ad those people. We also authorize certain companies that provide service to advertisers to measure the impact of the advertiser’s ads on Facebook Services but only where they agree to restrictions on how they can use the info they collect. Here is more information about some of the companies advertisers use and the choices they offer:

Atlas General information: Choices:

Bloom Digital General information: Choices:

DoubleClick General information: Choices:

Flashtalking General information: Choices:

GroupM General information: Choices:

Mediamind General information: Choices:

Mediaplex General information: Choices:

Pointroll General information: Choices:

TruEffect General information: Choices:

Weborama General information: Choices:

Do we use cookies if you don’t have an account or have logged out of your account?

We still use cookies if you don’t have an account or have logged out of your account. For example, if you have logged out of your account we use cookies to help: Identify and disable the accounts of spammers Recover your account if you ever lose access to it Provide extra security features like login notifications and login approvals Prevent people who are underage from signing up with a false birth date Enable us to deliver, select, evaluate, measure and understand the ads we serve on and off Facebook (this includes ads served by or on behalf of our affiliates or partners) Identify public computers so that we can discourage people from using Keep me logged in and putting their account at risk Generate insights about the people who interact with our Services and the websites of our advertisers and partners We also set cookies if you don’t have a Facebook account, but have visited, to help us protect Facebook Services and the people who use it from malicious activity. For example, these cookies help us detect and prevent denial-of-service attacks and the mass creation of fake accounts. If you have cookies on your browser or device, we read that cookie when you visit a site with a social plugin. Text Cookie Approval: We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click OK you agree with the terms and conditions of our cookie & privacy policy. For further information click here.